OF CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON INVOLVING SEXUAL ASSAULT, AND CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC DECENCY AND GOOD MORALS

TITLE 9. OF CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON INVOLVING SEXUAL
ASSAULT, AND CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC DECENCY AND GOOD
MORALS

CHAPTER 1. RAPE, ABDUCTION, CARNAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN, AND SEDUCTION

PENAL CODE
SECTION 261-269

261. (a) Rape is an act of sexual intercourse accomplished with a
person not the spouse of the perpetrator, under any of the following
circumstances:
(1) Where a person is incapable, because of a mental disorder or
developmental or physical disability, of giving legal consent, and
this is known or reasonably should be known to the person committing
the act. Notwithstanding the existence of a conservatorship pursuant
to the provisions of the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1
(commencing with Section 5000) of Division 5 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code), the prosecuting attorney shall prove, as an
element of the crime, that a mental disorder or developmental or
physical disability rendered the alleged victim incapable of giving
consent.
(2) Where it is accomplished against a person’s will by means of
force, violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful
bodily injury on the person or another.
(3) Where a person is prevented from resisting by any intoxicating
or anesthetic substance, or any controlled substance, and this
condition was known, or reasonably should have been known by the
accused.
(4) Where a person is at the time unconscious of the nature of the
act, and this is known to the accused. As used in this paragraph,
“unconscious of the nature of the act” means incapable of resisting
because the victim meets any one of the following conditions:
(A) Was unconscious or asleep.
(B) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant that the act
occurred.
(C) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator’s fraud
in fact.
(D) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator’s
fraudulent representation that the sexual penetration served a
professional purpose when it served no professional purpose.
(5) Where a person submits under the belief that the person
committing the act is someone known to the victim other than the
accused, and this belief is induced by any artifice, pretense, or
concealment practiced by the accused, with intent to induce the
belief.
(6) Where the act is accomplished against the victim’s will by
threatening to retaliate in the future against the victim or any
other person, and there is a reasonable possibility that the
perpetrator will execute the threat. As used in this paragraph,
“threatening to retaliate” means a threat to kidnap or falsely
imprison, or to inflict extreme pain, serious bodily injury, or
death.
(7) Where the act is accomplished against the victim’s will by
threatening to use the authority of a public official to incarcerate,
arrest, or deport the victim or another, and the victim has a
reasonable belief that the perpetrator is a public official. As used
in this paragraph, “public official” means a person employed by a
governmental agency who has the authority, as part of that position,
to incarcerate, arrest, or deport another. The perpetrator does not
actually have to be a public official.
(b) As used in this section, “duress” means a direct or implied
threat of force, violence, danger, or retribution sufficient to
coerce a reasonable person of ordinary susceptibilities to perform an
act which otherwise would not have been performed, or acquiesce in
an act to which one otherwise would not have submitted. The total
circumstances, including the age of the victim, and his or her
relationship to the defendant, are factors to consider in appraising
the existence of duress.
(c) As used in this section, “menace” means any threat,
declaration, or act which shows an intention to inflict an injury
upon another.

261.5. (a) Unlawful sexual intercourse is an act of sexual
intercourse accomplished with a person who is not the spouse of the
perpetrator, if the person is a minor. For the purposes of this
section, a “minor” is a person under the age of 18 years and an
“adult” is a person who is at least 18 years of age.
(b) Any person who engages in an act of unlawful sexual
intercourse with a minor who is not more than three years older or
three years younger than the perpetrator, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(c) Any person who engages in an act of unlawful sexual
intercourse with a minor who is more than three years younger than
the perpetrator is guilty of either a misdemeanor or a felony, and
shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one
year, or by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.
(d) Any person 21 years of age or older who engages in an act of
unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor who is under 16 years of age
is guilty of either a misdemeanor or a felony, and shall be punished
by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or by
imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 for two,
three, or four years.
(e) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, an
adult who engages in an act of sexual intercourse with a minor in
violation of this section may be liable for civil penalties in the
following amounts:
(A) An adult who engages in an act of unlawful sexual intercourse
with a minor less than two years younger than the adult is liable for
a civil penalty not to exceed two thousand dollars ($2,000).
(B) An adult who engages in an act of unlawful sexual intercourse
with a minor at least two years younger than the adult is liable for
a civil penalty not to exceed five thousand dollars ($5,000).
(C) An adult who engages in an act of unlawful sexual intercourse
with a minor at least three years younger than the adult is liable
for a civil penalty not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000).
(D) An adult over the age of 21 years who engages in an act of
unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor under 16 years of age is
liable for a civil penalty not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars
($25,000).
(2) The district attorney may bring actions to recover civil
penalties pursuant to this subdivision. From the amounts collected
for each case, an amount equal to the costs of pursuing the action
shall be deposited with the treasurer of the county in which the
judgment was entered, and the remainder shall be deposited in the
Underage Pregnancy Prevention Fund, which is hereby created in the
State Treasury. Amounts deposited in the Underage Pregnancy
Prevention Fund may be used only for the purpose of preventing
underage pregnancy upon appropriation by the Legislature.
(3) In addition to any punishment imposed under this section, the
judge may assess a fine not to exceed seventy dollars ($70) against
any person who violates this section with the proceeds of this fine
to be used in accordance with Section 1463.23. The court shall,
however, take into consideration the defendant’s ability to pay, and
no defendant shall be denied probation because of his or her
inability to pay the fine permitted under this subdivision.

261.6. In prosecutions under Section 261, 262, 286, 288a, or 289,
in which consent is at issue, “consent” shall be defined to mean
positive cooperation in act or attitude pursuant to an exercise of
free will. The person must act freely and voluntarily and have
knowledge of the nature of the act or transaction involved.
A current or previous dating or marital relationship shall not be
sufficient to constitute consent where consent is at issue in a
prosecution under Section 261, 262, 286, 288a, or 289.
Nothing in this section shall affect the admissibility of evidence
or the burden of proof on the issue of consent.

 

261.7. In prosecutions under Section 261, 262, 286, 288a, or 289,
in which consent is at issue, evidence that the victim suggested,
requested, or otherwise communicated to the defendant that the
defendant use a condom or other birth control device, without
additional evidence of consent, is not sufficient to constitute
consent.

261.9. (a) Any person convicted of seeking to procure or procuring
the sexual services of a prostitute in violation of subdivision (b)
of Section 647, if the prostitute is under 18 years of age, shall be
ordered by the court, in addition to any other penalty or fine
imposed, to pay an additional fine in an amount not to exceed
twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000).
(b) Every fine imposed and collected pursuant to this section
shall, upon appropriation by the Legislature, be available to fund
programs and services for commercially sexually exploited minors in
the counties where the underlying offenses are committed.

262. (a) Rape of a person who is the spouse of the perpetrator is
an act of sexual intercourse accomplished under any of the following
circumstances:
(1) Where it is accomplished against a person’s will by means of
force, violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful
bodily injury on the person or another.
(2) Where a person is prevented from resisting by any intoxicating
or anesthetic substance, or any controlled substance, and this
condition was known, or reasonably should have been known, by the
accused.
(3) Where a person is at the time unconscious of the nature of the
act, and this is known to the accused. As used in this paragraph,
“unconscious of the nature of the act” means incapable of resisting
because the victim meets one of the following conditions:
(A) Was unconscious or asleep.
(B) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant that the act
occurred.
(C) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator’s fraud
in fact.
(4) Where the act is accomplished against the victim’s will by
threatening to retaliate in the future against the victim or any
other person, and there is a reasonable possibility that the
perpetrator will execute the threat. As used in this paragraph,
“threatening to retaliate” means a threat to kidnap or falsely
imprison, or to inflict extreme pain, serious bodily injury, or
death.
(5) Where the act is accomplished against the victim’s will by
threatening to use the authority of a public official to incarcerate,
arrest, or deport the victim or another, and the victim has a
reasonable belief that the perpetrator is a public official. As used
in this paragraph, “public official” means a person employed by a
governmental agency who has the authority, as part of that position,
to incarcerate, arrest, or deport another. The perpetrator does not
actually have to be a public official.
(b) As used in this section, “duress” means a direct or implied
threat of force, violence, danger, or retribution sufficient to
coerce a reasonable person of ordinary susceptibilities to perform an
act which otherwise would not have been performed, or acquiesce in
an act to which one otherwise would not have submitted. The total
circumstances, including the age of the victim, and his or her
relationship to the defendant, are factors to consider in apprising
the existence of duress.
(c) As used in this section, “menace” means any threat,
declaration, or act that shows an intention to inflict an injury upon
another.
(d) If probation is granted upon conviction of a violation of this
section, the conditions of probation may include, in lieu of a fine,
one or both of the following requirements:
(1) That the defendant make payments to a battered women’s
shelter, up to a maximum of one thousand dollars ($1,000).
(2) That the defendant reimburse the victim for reasonable costs
of counseling and other reasonable expenses that the court finds are
the direct result of the defendant’s offense.
For any order to pay a fine, make payments to a battered women’s
shelter, or pay restitution as a condition of probation under this
subdivision, the court shall make a determination of the defendant’s
ability to pay. In no event shall any order to make payments to a
battered women’s shelter be made if it would impair the ability of
the defendant to pay direct restitution to the victim or
court-ordered child support. Where the injury to a married person is
caused in whole or in part by the criminal acts of his or her spouse
in violation of this section, the community property may not be used
to discharge the liability of the offending spouse for restitution to
the injured spouse, required by Section 1203.04, as operative on or
before August 2, 1995, or Section 1202.4, or to a shelter for costs
with regard to the injured spouse and dependents, required by this
section, until all separate property of the offending spouse is
exhausted.

263. The essential guilt of rape consists in the outrage to the
person and feelings of the victim of the rape. Any sexual
penetration, however slight, is sufficient to complete the crime.

264. (a) Except as provided in subdivision (c), rape, as defined in
Section 261 or 262, is punishable by imprisonment in the state
prison for three, six, or eight years.
(b) In addition to any punishment imposed under this section the
judge may assess a fine not to exceed seventy dollars ($70) against
any person who violates Section 261 or 262 with the proceeds of this
fine to be used in accordance with Section 1463.23. The court shall,
however, take into consideration the defendant’s ability to pay, and
no defendant shall be denied probation because of his or her
inability to pay the fine permitted under this subdivision.
(c) (1) Any person who commits rape in violation of paragraph (2)
of subdivision (a) of Section 261 upon a child who is under 14 years
of age shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 9,
11, or 13 years.
(2) Any person who commits rape in violation of paragraph (2) of
subdivision (a) of Section 261 upon a minor who is 14 years of age or
older shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 7,
9, or 11 years.
(3) This subdivision does not preclude prosecution under Section
269, Section 288.7, or any other provision of law.

264.1. (a) The provisions of Section 264 notwithstanding, in any
case in which the defendant, voluntarily acting in concert with
another person, by force or violence and against the will of the
victim, committed an act described in Section 261, 262, or 289,
either personally or by aiding and abetting the other person, that
fact shall be charged in the indictment or information and if found
to be true by the jury, upon a jury trial, or if found to be true by
the court, upon a court trial, or if admitted by the defendant, the
defendant shall suffer confinement in the state prison for five,
seven, or nine years.
(b) (1) If the victim of an offense described in subdivision (a)
is a child who is under 14 years of age, the defendant shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 10, 12, or 14 years.
(2) If the victim of an offense described in subdivision (a) is a
minor who is 14 years of age or older, the defendant shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 7, 9, or 11 years.
(3) This subdivision does not preclude prosecution under Section
269, Section 288.7, or any other provision of law.

264.2. (a) Whenever there is an alleged violation or violations of
subdivision (e) of Section 243, or Section 261, 261.5, 262, 273.5,
286, 288a, or 289, the law enforcement officer assigned to the case
shall immediately provide the victim of the crime with the “Victims
of Domestic Violence” card, as specified in subparagraph (G) of
paragraph (9) of subdivision (c) of Section 13701.
(b) (1) The law enforcement officer, or his or her agency, shall
immediately notify the local rape victim counseling center, whenever
a victim of an alleged violation of Section 261, 261.5, 262, 286,
288a, or 289 is transported to a hospital for any medical evidentiary
or physical examination. The victim shall have the right to have a
sexual assault counselor, as defined in Section 1035.2 of the
Evidence Code, and a support person of the victim’s choosing present
at any medical evidentiary or physical examination.
(2) Prior to the commencement of any initial medical evidentiary
or physical examination arising out of a sexual assault, a victim
shall be notified orally or in writing by the medical provider that
the victim has the right to have present a sexual assault counselor
and at least one other support person of the victim’s choosing.
(3) The hospital may verify with the law enforcement officer, or
his or her agency, whether the local rape victim counseling center
has been notified, upon the approval of the victim.
(4) A support person may be excluded from a medical evidentiary or
physical examination if the law enforcement officer or medical
provider determines that the presence of that individual would be
detrimental to the purpose of the examination.

 

265. Every person who takes any woman unlawfully, against her will,
and by force, menace or duress, compels her to marry him, or to
marry any other person, or to be defiled, is punishable by
imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.
266. Every person who inveigles or entices any unmarried female, of
previous chaste character, under the age of 18 years, into any house
of ill fame, or of assignation, or elsewhere, for the purpose of
prostitution, or to have illicit carnal connection with any man; and
every person who aids or assists in such inveiglement or enticement;
and every person who, by any false pretenses, false representation,
or other fraudulent means, procures any female to have illicit carnal
connection with any man, is punishable by imprisonment in the state
prison, or by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year,
or by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by both
such fine and imprisonment.
266a. Every person who, within this state, takes any person against
his or her will and without his or her consent, or with his or her
consent procured by fraudulent inducement or misrepresentation, for
the purpose of prostitution, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section
647, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison, and a fine
not exceeding two thousand dollars ($2,000).

266b. Every person who takes any other person unlawfully, and
against his or her will, and by force, menace, or duress, compels him
or her to live with such person in an illicit relation, against his
or her consent, or to so live with any other person, is punishable by
imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.
266c. Every person who induces any other person to engage in sexual
intercourse, sexual penetration, oral copulation, or sodomy when his
or her consent is procured by false or fraudulent representation or
pretense that is made with the intent to create fear, and which does
induce fear, and that would cause a reasonable person in like
circumstances to act contrary to the person’s free will, and does
cause the victim to so act, is punishable by imprisonment in a county
jail for not more than one year or in the state prison for two,
three, or four years.
As used in this section, “fear” means the fear of physical injury
or death to the person or to any relative of the person or member of
the person’s family.
266d. Any person who receives any money or other valuable thing for
or on account of placing in custody any other person for the purpose
of causing the other person to cohabit with any person to whom the
other person is not married, is guilty of a felony.

266e. Every person who purchases, or pays any money or other
valuable thing for, any person for the purpose of prostitution as
defined in subdivision (b) of Section 647, or for the purpose of
placing such person, for immoral purposes, in any house or place
against his or her will, is guilty of a felony punishable by
imprisonment in the state prison for 16 months, or two or three
years.
266f. Every person who sells any person or receives any money or
other valuable thing for or on account of his or her placing in
custody, for immoral purposes, any person, whether with or without
his or her consent, is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment
in the state prison for 16 months, or two or three years.
266g. Every man who, by force, intimidation, threats, persuasion,
promises, or any other means, places or leaves, or procures any other
person or persons to place or leave, his wife in a house of
prostitution, or connives at or consents to, or permits, the placing
or leaving of his wife in a house of prostitution, or allows or
permits her to remain therein, is guilty of a felony and punishable
by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 for two,
three or four years; and in all prosecutions under this section a
wife is a competent witness against her husband.

266h. (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any person who,
knowing another person is a prostitute, lives or derives support or
maintenance in whole or in part from the earnings or proceeds of the
person’s prostitution, or from money loaned or advanced to or charged
against that person by any keeper or manager or inmate of a house or
other place where prostitution is practiced or allowed, or who
solicits or receives compensation for soliciting for the person, is
guilty of pimping, a felony, and shall be punishable by imprisonment
in the state prison for three, four, or six years.
(b) Any person who, knowing another person is a prostitute, lives
or derives support or maintenance in whole or in part from the
earnings or proceeds of the person’s prostitution, or from money
loaned or advanced to or charged against that person by any keeper or
manager or inmate of a house or other place where prostitution is
practiced or allowed, or who solicits or receives compensation for
soliciting for the person, when the prostitute is a minor, is guilty
of pimping a minor, a felony, and shall be punishable as follows:
(1) If the person engaged in prostitution is a minor 16 years of
age or older, the offense is punishable by imprisonment in the state
prison for three, four, or six years.
(2) If the person engaged in prostitution is under 16 years of
age, the offense is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison
for three, six, or eight years.

 

266i. (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any person who
does any of the following is guilty of pandering, a felony, and shall
be punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for three, four,
or six years:
(1) Procures another person for the purpose of prostitution.
(2) By promises, threats, violence, or by any device or scheme,
causes, induces, persuades, or encourages another person to become a
prostitute.
(3) Procures for another person a place as an inmate in a house of
prostitution or as an inmate of any place in which prostitution is
encouraged or allowed within this state.
(4) By promises, threats, violence, or by any device or scheme,
causes, induces, persuades, or encourages an inmate of a house of
prostitution, or any other place in which prostitution is encouraged
or allowed, to remain therein as an inmate.
(5) By fraud or artifice, or by duress of person or goods, or by
abuse of any position of confidence or authority, procures another
person for the purpose of prostitution, or to enter any place in
which prostitution is encouraged or allowed within this state, or to
come into this state or leave this state for the purpose of
prostitution.
(6) Receives or gives, or agrees to receive or give, any money or
thing of value for procuring, or attempting to procure, another
person for the purpose of prostitution, or to come into this state or
leave this state for the purpose of prostitution.
(b) Any person who does any of the acts described in subdivision
(a) with another person who is a minor is guilty of pandering, a
felony, and shall be punishable as follows:
(1) If the other person is a minor 16 years of age or older, the
offense is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for three,
four, or six years.
(2) If the other person is under 16 years of age, the offense is
punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or
eight years.

266j. Any person who intentionally gives, transports, provides, or
makes available, or who offers to give, transport, provide, or make
available to another person, a child under the age of 16 for the
purpose of any lewd or lascivious act as defined in Section 288, or
who causes, induces, or persuades a child under the age of 16 to
engage in such an act with another person, is guilty of a felony and
shall be imprisoned in the state prison for a term of three, six, or
eight years, and by a fine not to exceed fifteen thousand dollars
($15,000).
266k. (a) Upon the conviction of any person for a violation of
Section 266h or 266i, the court may, in addition to any other penalty
or fine imposed, order the defendant to pay an additional fine not
to exceed five thousand dollars ($5,000). In setting the amount of
the fine, the court shall consider any relevant factors including,
but not limited to, the seriousness and gravity of the offense and
the circumstances of its commission, whether the defendant derived
any economic gain as the result of the crime, and the extent to which
the victim suffered losses as a result of the crime. Every fine
imposed and collected under this section shall be deposited in the
Victim-Witness Assistance Fund to be available for appropriation to
fund child sexual exploitation and child sexual abuse victim
counseling centers and prevention programs under Section 13837.
(b) Upon the conviction of any person for a violation of Section
266j or 267, the court may, in addition to any other penalty or fine
imposed, order the defendant to pay an additional fine not to exceed
twenty thousand dollars ($20,000).
(c) Fifty percent of the fines collected pursuant to subdivision
(b) and deposited in the Victim-Witness Assistance Fund pursuant to
subdivision (a) shall be granted to community-based organizations
that serve minor victims of human trafficking.
(d) If the court orders a fine to be imposed pursuant to this
section, the actual administrative cost of collecting that fine, not
to exceed 2 percent of the total amount paid, may be paid into the
general fund of the county treasury for the use and benefit of the
county.

267. Every person who takes away any other person under the age of
18 years from the father, mother, guardian, or other person having
the legal charge of the other person, without their consent, for the
purpose of prostitution, is punishable by imprisonment in the state
prison, and a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars ($2,000).
269. (a) Any person who commits any of the following acts upon a
child who is under 14 years of age and seven or more years younger
than the person is guilty of aggravated sexual assault of a child:
(1) Rape, in violation of paragraph (2) or (6) of subdivision (a)
of Section 261.
(2) Rape or sexual penetration, in concert, in violation of
Section 264.1.
(3) Sodomy, in violation of paragraph (2) or (3) of subdivision
(c), or subdivision (d), of Section 286.
(4) Oral copulation, in violation of paragraph (2) or (3) of
subdivision (c), or subdivision (d), of Section 288a.
(5) Sexual penetration, in violation of subdivision (a) of Section
289.
(b) Any person who violates this section is guilty of a felony and
shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 15 years
to life.
(c) The court shall impose a consecutive sentence for each offense
that results in a conviction under this section if the crimes
involve separate victims or involve the same victim on separate
occasions as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 667.6.

CHAPTER 2. ABANDONMENT AND NEGLECT OF CHILDREN

PENAL CODE
SECTION 270-273.75

270. If a parent of a minor child willfully omits, without lawful
excuse, to furnish necessary clothing, food, shelter or medical
attendance, or other remedial care for his or her child, he or she is
guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine not exceeding two
thousand dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in the county jail not
exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. If a court
of competent jurisdiction has made a final adjudication in either a
civil or a criminal action that a person is the parent of a minor
child and the person has notice of such adjudication and he or she
then willfully omits, without lawful excuse, to furnish necessary
clothing, food, shelter, medical attendance or other remedial care
for his or her child, this conduct is punishable by imprisonment in
the county jail not exceeding one year or in a state prison for a
determinate term of one year and one day, or by a fine not exceeding
two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by both such fine and imprisonment.
This statute shall not be construed so as to relieve such parent
from the criminal liability defined herein for such omission merely
because the other parent of such child is legally entitled to the
custody of such child nor because the other parent of such child or
any other person or organization voluntarily or involuntarily
furnishes such necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical
attendance or other remedial care for such child or undertakes to do
so.
Proof of abandonment or desertion of a child by such parent, or
the omission by such parent to furnish necessary food, clothing,
shelter or medical attendance or other remedial care for his or her
child is prima facie evidence that such abandonment or desertion or
omission to furnish necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical
attendance or other remedial care is willful and without lawful
excuse.
The court, in determining the ability of the parent to support his
or her child, shall consider all income, including social insurance
benefits and gifts.
The provisions of this section are applicable whether the parents
of such child are or were ever married or divorced, and regardless of
any decree made in any divorce action relative to alimony or to the
support of the child. A child conceived but not yet born is to be
deemed an existing person insofar as this section is concerned.
The husband of a woman who bears a child as a result of artificial
insemination shall be considered the father of that child for the
purpose of this section, if he consented in writing to the artificial
insemination.
If a parent provides a minor with treatment by spiritual means
through prayer alone in accordance with the tenets and practices of a
recognized church or religious denomination, by a duly accredited
practitioner thereof, such treatment shall constitute “other remedial
care”, as used in this section.

270.1. (a) A parent or guardian of a pupil of six years of age or
more who is in kindergarten or any of grades 1 to 8, inclusive, and
who is subject to compulsory full-time education or compulsory
continuation education, whose child is a chronic truant as defined in
Section 48263.6 of the Education Code, who has failed to reasonably
supervise and encourage the pupil’s school attendance, and who has
been offered language accessible support services to address the
pupil’s truancy, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine not
exceeding two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in a
county jail not exceeding one year, or by both that fine and
imprisonment. A parent or guardian guilty of a misdemeanor under this
subdivision may participate in the deferred entry of judgment
program defined in subdivision (b).
(b) A superior court may establish a deferred entry of judgment
program that includes the components listed in paragraphs (1) to (7),
inclusive, to adjudicate cases involving parents or guardians of
elementary school pupils who are chronic truants as defined in
Section 48263.6 of the Education Code:
(1) A dedicated court calendar.
(2) Leadership by a judge of the superior court in that county.
(3) Meetings, scheduled and held periodically, with school
district representatives designated by the chronic truant’s school
district of enrollment. Those representatives may include school
psychologists, school counselors, teachers, school administrators, or
other educational service providers deemed appropriate by the school
district.
(4) Service referrals for parents or guardians, as appropriate to
each case that may include, but are not limited to, all of the
following:
(A) Case management.
(B) Mental and physical health services.
(C) Parenting classes and support.
(D) Substance abuse treatment.
(E) Child care and housing.
(5) A clear statement that, in lieu of trial, the court may grant
deferred entry of judgment with respect to the current crime or
crimes charged if the defendant pleads guilty to each charge and
waives time for the pronouncement of judgment and that, upon the
defendant’s compliance with the terms and conditions set forth by the
court and agreed to by the defendant upon the entry of his or her
plea, and upon the motion of the prosecuting attorney, the court will
dismiss the charge or charges against the defendant and the same
procedures specified for successful completion of a drug diversion
program or a deferred entry of judgment program pursuant to Section
851.90 and the provisions of Section 1203.4 shall apply.
(6) A clear statement that failure to comply with any condition
under the program may result in the prosecuting attorney or the court
making a motion for entry of judgment, whereupon the court will
render a finding of guilty to the charge or charges pled, enter
judgment, and schedule a sentencing hearing as otherwise provided in
this code.
(7) An explanation of criminal record retention and disposition
resulting from participation in the deferred entry of judgment
program and the defendant’s rights relative to answering questions
about his or her arrest and deferred entry of judgment following
successful completion of the program.
(c) Funding for the deferred entry of judgment program pursuant to
this section shall be derived solely from nonstate sources.
(d) A parent or guardian of an elementary school pupil who is a
chronic truant, as defined in Section 48263.6 of the Education Code,
may not be punished for a violation of both this section and the
provisions of Section 272 that involve criminal liability for parents
and guardians of truant children.
(e) If any district attorney chooses to charge a defendant with a
violation of subdivision (a) and the defendant is found by the
prosecuting attorney to be eligible or ineligible for deferred entry
of judgment, the prosecuting attorney shall file with the court a
declaration in writing, or state for the record, the grounds upon
which that determination is based.
270.5. (a) Every parent who refuses, without lawful excuse, to
accept his or her minor child into the parent’s home, or, failing to
do so, to provide alternative shelter, upon being requested to do so
by a child protective agency and after being informed of the duty
imposed by this statute to do so, is guilty of a misdemeanor and
shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars
($500).
(b) For purposes of this section, “child protective agency” means
a police or sheriff’s department, a county probation department, or a
county welfare department.
(c) For purposes of this section, “lawful excuse” shall include,
but not be limited to, a reasonable fear that the minor child’s
presence in the home will endanger the safety of the parent or other
persons residing in the home.

270.6. If a court of competent jurisdiction has made a temporary or
permanent order awarding spousal support that a person must pay, the
person has notice of that order, and he or she then leaves the state
with the intent to willfully omit, without lawful excuse, to furnish
the spousal support, he or she is punishable by imprisonment in a
county jail for a period not exceeding one year, a fine not exceeding
two thousand dollars ($2,000), or both that imprisonment and fine.

270a. Every individual who has sufficient ability to provide for
his or her spouse’s support, or who is able to earn the means of such
spouse’s support, who willfully abandons and leaves his or her
spouse in a destitute condition, or who refuses or neglects to
provide such spouse with necessary food, clothing, shelter, or
medical attendance, unless by such spouse’s conduct the individual
was justified in abandoning such spouse, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

270b. After arrest and before plea or trial, or after conviction or
plea of guilty and before sentence under either Section 270 or 270a,
if the defendant shall appear before the court and enter into an
undertaking with sufficient sureties to the people of the State of
California in such penal sum as the court may fix, to be approved by
the court, and conditioned that the defendant will pay to the person
having custody of such child or to such spouse, such sum per month as
may be fixed by the court in order to thereby provide such minor
child or such spouse as the case may be, with necessary food,
shelter, clothing, medical attendance, or other remedial care, then
the court may suspend proceedings or sentence therein; and such
undertaking is valid and binding for two years, or such lesser time
which the court shall fix; and upon the failure of defendant to
comply with such undertaking, the defendant may be ordered to appear
before the court and show cause why further proceedings should not be
had in such action or why sentence should not be imposed, whereupon
the court may proceed with such action, or pass sentence, or for good
cause shown may modify the order and take a new undertaking and
further suspend proceedings or sentence for a like period.

 

270c. Except as provided in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section
4410) of Part 4 of Division 9 of the Family Code, every adult child
who, having the ability so to do, fails to provide necessary food,
clothing, shelter, or medical attendance for an indigent parent, is
guilty of a misdemeanor.

270d. In any case where there is a conviction and sentence under
the provisions of either Section 270 or Section 270a, should a fine
be imposed, such fine shall be directed by the court to be paid in
whole or in part to the spouse of the defendant or guardian or
custodian of the child or children of such defendant, except as
follows:
If the children are receiving public assistance, all fines,
penalties or forfeitures imposed and all funds collected from the
defendant shall be paid to the county department. Money so paid shall
be applied first to support for the calendar month following its
receipt by the county department and any balance remaining shall be
applied to future needs, or be treated as reimbursement for past
support furnished from public assistance funds.

270e. No other evidence shall be required to prove marriage of
husband and wife, or that a person is the lawful father or mother of
a child or children, than is or shall be required to prove such facts
in a civil action. In all prosecutions under either Section 270a or
270 of this code, Sections 970, 971, and 980 of the Evidence Code do
not apply, and both husband and wife shall be competent to testify to
any and all relevant matters, including the fact of marriage and the
parentage of a child or children. Proof of the abandonment and
nonsupport of a spouse, or of the omission to furnish necessary food,
clothing, shelter, or of medical attendance for a child or children
is prima facie evidence that such abandonment and nonsupport or
omission to furnish necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical
attendance is willful. In any prosecution under Section 270, it shall
be competent for the people to prove nonaccess of husband to wife or
any other fact establishing nonpaternity of a husband. In any
prosecution pursuant to Section 270, the final establishment of
paternity or nonpaternity in another proceeding shall be admissible
as evidence of paternity or nonpaternity.

270f. Where, under the provisions of this chapter, a report is
filed by a parent of a child with the district attorney averring:
(1) That the other parent has failed to provide necessary support
and
(2) That neither the child in need of assistance nor another on
his behalf is receiving public assistance, the district attorney
shall immediately investigate the verity of such report and determine
the defaulting parent’s location and financial ability to provide
the needed support, and upon a finding that the report is true shall
immediately take all steps necessary to obtain support for the child
in need of assistance.
270g. A review of each report filed with the district attorney
under Section 270f shall be made at 90-day intervals unless the
support payments have been legally terminated, the parties involved
are permanently located beyond county jurisdiction, or the defaulting
parent is complying with the provisions of this chapter.
270h. In any case where there is a conviction under either Section
270 or 270a and there is an order granting probation which includes
an order for support, the court may:
(a) Issue an execution on the order for the support payments that
accrue during the time the probation order is in effect, in the same
manner as on a judgment in a civil action for support payments. This
remedy shall apply only when there is no existing civil order of this
state or a foreign court order that has been reduced to a judgment
of this state for support of the same person or persons included in
the probation support order.
(b) Issue an earnings assignment order for support pursuant to
Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 5200) of Part 5 of Division 9 of
the Family Code as a condition of probation. This remedy shall apply
only when there is no existing civil order for support of the same
person or persons included in the probation support order upon which
an assignment order has been entered pursuant to Chapter 8
(commencing with Section 5200) of Part 5 of Division 9 of the Family
Code or pursuant to former Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 4390)
of Title 1.5 of Part 5 of Division 4 of the Civil Code.
These remedies are in addition to any other remedies available to
the court.

271. Every parent of any child under the age of 14 years, and every
person to whom any such child has been confided for nurture, or
education, who deserts such child in any place whatever with intent
to abandon it, is punishable by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision
(h) of Section 1170 or in the county jail not exceeding one year or
by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000) or by both.
271a. Every person who knowingly and willfully abandons, or who,
having ability so to do, fails or refuses to maintain his or her
minor child under the age of 14 years, or who falsely, knowing the
same to be false, represents to any manager, officer or agent of any
orphan asylum or charitable institution for the care of orphans, that
any child for whose admission into that asylum or institution
application has been made is an orphan, is punishable by imprisonment
pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170, or in the county jail
not exceeding one year, or by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars
($1,000), or by both.
271.5. (a) No parent or other individual having lawful custody of a
minor child 72 hours old or younger may be prosecuted for a
violation of Section 270, 270.5, 271, or 271a if he or she
voluntarily surrenders physical custody of the child to personnel on
duty at a safe-surrender site.
(b) For purposes of this section, “safe-surrender site” has the
same meaning as defined in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of
Section 1255.7 of the Health and Safety Code.
(c) (1) For purposes of this section, “lawful custody” has the
same meaning as defined in subdivision (j) of Section 1255.7 of the
Health and Safety Code.
(2) For purposes of this section, “personnel” has the same meaning
as defined in paragraph (3) of subdivision (a) of Section 1255.7 of
the Health and Safety Code.
272. (a) (1) Every person who commits any act or omits the
performance of any duty, which act or omission causes or tends to
cause or encourage any person under the age of 18 years to come
within the provisions of Section 300, 601, or 602 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code or which act or omission contributes thereto, or
any person who, by any act or omission, or by threats, commands, or
persuasion, induces or endeavors to induce any person under the age
of 18 years or any ward or dependent child of the juvenile court to
fail or refuse to conform to a lawful order of the juvenile court, or
to do or to perform any act or to follow any course of conduct or to
so live as would cause or manifestly tend to cause that person to
become or to remain a person within the provisions of Section 300,
601, or 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, is guilty of a
misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine
not exceeding two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500), or by
imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, or by
both fine and imprisonment in a county jail, or may be released on
probation for a period not exceeding five years.
(2) For purposes of this subdivision, a parent or legal guardian
to any person under the age of 18 years shall have the duty to
exercise reasonable care, supervision, protection, and control over
their minor child.
(b) (1) An adult stranger who is 21 years of age or older, who
knowingly contacts or communicates with a minor who is under 14 years
of age, who knew or reasonably should have known that the minor is
under 14 years of age, for the purpose of persuading and luring, or
transporting, or attempting to persuade and lure, or transport, that
minor away from the minor’s home or from any location known by the
minor’s parent, legal guardian, or custodian, to be a place where the
minor is located, for any purpose, without the express consent of
the minor’s parent or legal guardian, and with the intent to avoid
the consent of the minor’s parent or legal guardian, is guilty of an
infraction or a misdemeanor, subject to subdivision (d) of Section
17.
(2) This subdivision shall not apply in an emergency situation.
(3) As used in this subdivision, the following terms are defined
to mean:
(A) “Emergency situation” means a situation where the minor is
threatened with imminent bodily harm, emotional harm, or
psychological harm.
(B) “Contact” or “communication” includes, but is not limited to,
the use of a telephone or the Internet, as defined in Section 17538
of the Business and Professions Code.
(C) “Stranger” means a person of casual acquaintance with whom no
substantial relationship exists, or an individual with whom a
relationship has been established or promoted for the primary purpose
of victimization, as defined in subdivision (e) of Section 6600 of
the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(D) “Express consent” means oral or written permission that is
positive, direct, and unequivocal, requiring no inference or
implication to supply its meaning.
(4) This section shall not be interpreted to criminalize acts of
persons contacting minors within the scope and course of their
employment, or status as a volunteer of a recognized civic or
charitable organization.
(5) This section is intended to protect minors and to help parents
and legal guardians exercise reasonable care, supervision,
protection, and control over minor children.

273. (a) It is a misdemeanor for any person or agency to pay, offer
to pay, or to receive money or anything of value for the placement
for adoption or for the consent to an adoption of a child. This
subdivision shall not apply to any fee paid for adoption services
provided by the State Department of Social Services, a licensed
adoption agency, adoption services providers, as defined in Section
8502 of the Family Code, or an attorney providing adoption legal
services.
(b) This section shall not make it unlawful to pay or receive the
maternity-connected medical or hospital and necessary living expenses
of the mother preceding and during confinement as an act of charity,
as long as the payment is not contingent upon placement of the child
for adoption, consent to the adoption, or cooperation in the
completion of the adoption.
(c) It is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county
jail not exceeding one year or by a fine not exceeding two thousand
five hundred dollars ($2,500) for any parent to obtain the financial
benefits set forth in subdivision (b) with the intent to receive
those financial benefits where there is an intent to do either of the
following:
(1) Not complete the adoption.
(2) Not consent to the adoption.
(d) It is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county
jail not exceeding one year or by a fine not exceeding two thousand
five hundred dollars ($2,500) for any parent to obtain the financial
benefits set forth in subdivision (b) from two or more prospective
adopting families or persons, if either parent does both of the
following:
(1) Knowingly fails to disclose to those families or persons that
there are other prospective adopting families or persons interested
in adopting the child, with knowledge that there is an obligation to
disclose that information.
(2) Knowingly accepts the financial benefits set forth in
subdivision (b) if the aggregate amount exceeds the reasonable
maternity-connected medical or hospital and necessary living expenses
of the mother preceding and during the pregnancy.
(e) Any person who has been convicted previously of an offense
described in subdivision (c) or (d), who is separately tried and
convicted of a subsequent violation of subdivision (c) or (d), is
guilty of a public offense punishable by imprisonment in a county
jail or in the state prison.
(f) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the
prosecution of any person for a misdemeanor or felony pursuant to
Section 487 or any other provision of law in lieu of prosecution
pursuant to this section.

273a. (a) Any person who, under circumstances or conditions likely
to produce great bodily harm or death, willfully causes or permits
any child to suffer, or inflicts thereon unjustifiable physical pain
or mental suffering, or having the care or custody of any child,
willfully causes or permits the person or health of that child to be
injured, or willfully causes or permits that child to be placed in a
situation where his or her person or health is endangered, shall be
punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or
in the state prison for two, four, or six years.
(b) Any person who, under circumstances or conditions other than
those likely to produce great bodily harm or death, willfully causes
or permits any child to suffer, or inflicts thereon unjustifiable
physical pain or mental suffering, or having the care or custody of
any child, willfully causes or permits the person or health of that
child to be injured, or willfully causes or permits that child to be
placed in a situation where his or her person or health may be
endangered, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(c) If a person is convicted of violating this section and
probation is granted, the court shall require the following minimum
conditions of probation:
(1) A mandatory minimum period of probation of 48 months.
(2) A criminal court protective order protecting the victim from
further acts of violence or threats, and, if appropriate, residence
exclusion or stay-away conditions.
(3) (A) Successful completion of no less than one year of a child
abuser’s treatment counseling program approved by the probation
department. The defendant shall be ordered to begin participation in
the program immediately upon the grant of probation. The counseling
program shall meet the criteria specified in Section 273.1. The
defendant shall produce documentation of program enrollment to the
court within 30 days of enrollment, along with quarterly progress
reports.
(B) The terms of probation for offenders shall not be lifted until
all reasonable fees due to the counseling program have been paid in
full, but in no case shall probation be extended beyond the term
provided in subdivision (a) of Section 1203.1. If the court finds
that the defendant does not have the ability to pay the fees based on
the defendant’s changed circumstances, the court may reduce or waive
the fees.
(4) If the offense was committed while the defendant was under the
influence of drugs or alcohol, the defendant shall abstain from the
use of drugs or alcohol during the period of probation and shall be
subject to random drug testing by his or her probation officer.
(5) The court may waive any of the above minimum conditions of
probation upon a finding that the condition would not be in the best
interests of justice. The court shall state on the record its reasons
for any waiver.
273ab. (a) Any person, having the care or custody of a child who is
under eight years of age, who assaults the child by means of force
that to a reasonable person would be likely to produce great bodily
injury, resulting in the child’s death, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for 25 years to life. Nothing in
this section shall be construed as affecting the applicability of
subdivision (a) of Section 187 or Section 189.
(b) Any person, having the care or custody of a child who is under
eight years of age, who assaults the child by means of force that to
a reasonable person would be likely to produce great bodily injury,
resulting in the child becoming comatose due to brain injury or
suffering paralysis of a permanent nature, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for life with the possibility of
parole. As used in this subdivision, “paralysis” means a major or
complete loss of motor function resulting from injury to the nervous
system or to a muscular mechanism.

273b. No child under the age of 16 years shall be placed in any
courtroom, or in any vehicle for transportation to any place, in
company with adults charged with or convicted of crime, except in the
presence of a proper official.
273c. All fines, penalties, and forfeitures imposed and collected
under the provisions of Sections 270, 271, 271a, 273a, and 273b, or
under the provisions of any law relating to, or affecting, children,
in every case where the prosecution is instituted or conducted by a
society incorporated under the laws of this state for the prevention
of cruelty to children, inure to such society in aid of the purposes
for which it is incorporated.

 

273d. (a) Any person who willfully inflicts upon a child any cruel
or inhuman corporal punishment or an injury resulting in a traumatic
condition is guilty of a felony and shall be punished by imprisonment
pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 for two, four, or six
years, or in a county jail for not more than one year, by a fine of
up to six thousand dollars ($6,000), or by both that imprisonment and
fine.
(b) Any person who is found guilty of violating subdivision (a)
shall receive a four-year enhancement for a prior conviction of that
offense provided that no additional term shall be imposed under this
subdivision for any prison term or term imposed under the provisions
of subdivision (h) of Section 1170 served prior to a period of 10
years in which the defendant remained free of both the commission of
an offense that results in a felony conviction and prison custody or
custody in a county jail under the provisions of subdivision (h) of
Section 1170.
(c) If a person is convicted of violating this section and
probation is granted, the court shall require the following minimum
conditions of probation:
(1) A mandatory minimum period of probation of 36 months.
(2) A criminal court protective order protecting the victim from
further acts of violence or threats, and, if appropriate, residence
exclusion or stay-away conditions.
(3) (A) Successful completion of no less than one year of a child
abuser’s treatment counseling program. The defendant shall be ordered
to begin participation in the program immediately upon the grant of
probation. The counseling program shall meet the criteria specified
in Section 273.1. The defendant shall produce documentation of
program enrollment to the court within 30 days of enrollment, along
with quarterly progress reports.
(B) The terms of probation for offenders shall not be lifted until
all reasonable fees due to the counseling program have been paid in
full, but in no case shall probation be extended beyond the term
provided in subdivision (a) of Section 1203.1. If the court finds
that the defendant does not have the ability to pay the fees based on
the defendant’s changed circumstances, the court may reduce or waive
the fees.
(4) If the offense was committed while the defendant was under the
influence of drugs or alcohol, the defendant shall abstain from the
use of drugs or alcohol during the period of probation and shall be
subject to random drug testing by his or her probation officer.
(5) The court may waive any of the above minimum conditions of
probation upon a finding that the condition would not be in the best
interests of justice. The court shall state on the record its reasons
for any waiver.
273e. Every telephone, special delivery company or association, and
every other corporation or person engaged in the delivery of
packages, letters, notes, messages, or other matter, and every
manager, superintendent, or other agent of such person, corporation,
or association, who sends any minor in the employ or under the
control of any such person, corporation, association, or agent, to
the keeper of any house of prostitution, variety theater, or other
place of questionable repute, or to any person connected with, or any
inmate of, such house, theater, or other place, or who permits such
minor to enter such house, theater, or other place, is guilty of a
misdemeanor.

273f. Any person, whether as parent, guardian, employer, or
otherwise, and any firm or corporation, who as employer or otherwise,
shall send, direct, or cause to be sent or directed to any saloon,
gambling house, house of prostitution, or other immoral place, any
minor, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

273g. Any person who in the presence of any child indulges in any
degrading, lewd, immoral or vicious habits or practices, or who is
habitually drunk in the presence of any child in his care, custody or
control, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

273h. In all prosecutions under the provisions of either section
270, section 270a, section 270b, section 271 or section 271a, of this
code, where a conviction is had and sentence of imprisonment in the
county jail or in the city jail is imposed, the court may direct that
the person so convicted shall be compelled to work upon the public
roads or highways, or any other public work, in the county or in the
city where such conviction is had, during the term of such sentence.
And it shall be the duty of the board of supervisors of the county
where such person is imprisoned in the county jail, and of the city
council of the city where such person is imprisoned in the city jail,
where such conviction and sentence are had and where such work is
performed by a person under sentence to the county jail or to the
city jail, to allow and order the payment out of any funds available,
to the wife or to the guardian, or to the custodian of a child or
children, or to an organization, or to an individual, appointed by
the court as trustee, at the end of each calendar month, for the
support of such wife or children, a sum not to exceed two dollars for
each day’s work of such person so imprisoned.
273i. (a) Any person who publishes information describing or
depicting a child, the physical appearance of a child, the location
of a child, or locations where children may be found with the intent
that another person imminently use the information to commit a crime
against a child and the information is likely to aid in the imminent
commission of a crime against a child, is guilty of a misdemeanor,
punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one
year, a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by
both a fine and imprisonment.
(b) For purposes of this section, “publishes” means making the
information available to another person through any medium,
including, but not limited to, the Internet, the World Wide Web, or
e-mail.
(c) For purposes of this section, “child” means a person who is 14
years of age or younger.
(d) For purposes of this section, “information” includes, but is
not limited to, an image, film, filmstrip, photograph, negative,
slide, photocopy, videotape, video laser disc, or any other
computer-generated image.
(e) Any parent or legal guardian of a child about whom information
is published in violation of subdivision (a) may seek a preliminary
injunction enjoining any further publication of that information.
273j. (a) (1) Any parent or guardian having the care, custody, or
control of a child under 14 years of age who knows or should have
known that the child has died shall notify a public safety agency, as
defined in Section 53102 of the Government Code, within 24 hours of
the time that the parent or guardian knew or should have known that
the child has died.
(2) This subdivision shall not apply when a child is otherwise
under the immediate care of a physician at the time of death, or if a
public safety agency, a coroner, or a medical examiner is otherwise
aware of the death.
(b) (1) Any parent or guardian having the care, custody, or
control of a child under 14 years of age shall notify law enforcement
within 24 hours of the time that the parent or guardian knows or
should have known that the child is a missing person and there is
evidence that the child is a person at risk, as those terms are
defined in Section 14213.
(2) This subdivision shall not apply if law enforcement is
otherwise aware that the child is a missing person.
(c) A violation of this section is a misdemeanor punishable by
imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year, or by a
fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both that
fine and imprisonment.
(d) Nothing in this section shall preclude prosecution under any
other provision of law.

273.1. (a) Any treatment program to which a child abuser convicted
of a violation of Section 273a or 273d is referred as a condition of
probation shall meet the following criteria:
(1) Substantial expertise and experience in the treatment of
victims of child abuse and the families in which abuse and violence
have occurred.
(2) Staff providing direct service are therapists licensed to
practice in this state or are under the direct supervision of a
therapist licensed to practice in this state.
(3) Utilization of a treatment regimen designed to specifically
address the offense, including methods of preventing and breaking the
cycle of family violence, anger management, and parenting education
that focuses, among other things, on means of identifying the
developmental and emotional needs of the child.
(4) Utilization of group and individual therapy and counseling,
with groups no larger than 12 persons.
(5) Capability of identifying substance abuse and either treating
the abuse or referring the offender to a substance abuse program, to
the extent that the court has not already done so.
(6) Entry into a written agreement with the defendant that
includes an outline of the components of the program, the attendance
requirements, a requirement to attend group session free of chemical
influence, and a statement that the defendant may be removed from the
program if it is determined that the defendant is not benefiting
from the program or is disruptive to the program.
(7) The program may include, on the recommendation of the
treatment counselor, family counseling. However, no child victim
shall be compelled or required to participate in the program,
including family counseling, and no program may condition a defendant’
s enrollment on participation by the child victim. The treatment
counselor shall privately advise the child victim that his or her
participation is voluntary.
(b) If the program finds that the defendant is unsuitable, the
program shall immediately contact the probation department or the
court. The probation department or court shall either recalendar the
case for hearing or refer the defendant to an appropriate alternative
child abuser’s treatment counseling program.
(c) Upon request by the child abuser’s treatment counseling
program, the court shall provide the defendant’s arrest report, prior
incidents of violence, and treatment history to the program.
(d) The child abuser’s treatment counseling program shall provide
the probation department and the court with periodic progress reports
at least every three months that include attendance, fee payment
history, and program compliance. The program shall submit a final
evaluation that includes the program’s evaluation of the defendant’s
progress, and recommendation for either successful or unsuccessful
termination of the program.
(e) The defendant shall pay for the full costs of the treatment
program, including any drug testing. However, the court may waive any
portion or all of that financial responsibility upon a finding of an
inability to pay. Upon the request of the defendant, the court shall
hold a hearing to determine the defendant’s ability to pay for the
treatment program. At the hearing the court may consider all relevant
information, but shall consider the impact of the costs of the
treatment program on the defendant’s ability to provide food,
clothing, and shelter for the child injured by a violation of Section
273a or 273d. If the court finds that the defendant is unable to pay
for any portion of the costs of the treatment program, its reasons
for that finding shall be stated on the record. In the event of this
finding, the program fees or a portion thereof shall be waived.
(f) All programs accepting referrals of child abusers pursuant to
this section shall accept offenders for whom fees have been partially
or fully waived. However, the court shall require each qualifying
program to serve no more than its proportionate share of those
offenders who have been granted fee waivers, and require all
qualifying programs to share equally in the cost of serving those
offenders with fee waivers.
273.4. (a) If the act constituting a felony violation of
subdivision (a) of Section 273a was female genital mutilation, as
defined in subdivision (b), the defendant shall be punished by an
additional term of imprisonment in the state prison for one year, in
addition and consecutive to the punishment prescribed by Section
273a.
(b) “Female genital mutilation” means the excision or infibulation
of the labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, or vulva, performed for
nonmedical purposes.
(c) Nothing in this section shall preclude prosecution under
Section 203, 205, or 206 or any other provision of law.

273.5. (a) Any person who willfully inflicts corporal injury
resulting in a traumatic condition upon a victim described in
subdivision (b) is guilty of a felony, and upon conviction thereof
shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for two, three,
or four years, or in a county jail for not more than one year, or by
a fine of up to six thousand dollars ($6,000) or by both that fine
and imprisonment.
(b) Subdivision (a) shall apply if the victim is or was one or
more of the following:
(1) The offender’s spouse or former spouse.
(2) The offender’s cohabitant or former cohabitant.
(3) The offender’s fiancé or fiancée, or someone with whom the
offender has, or previously had, an engagement or dating
relationship, as defined in paragraph (10) of subdivision (f) of
Section 243.
(4) The mother or father of the offender’s child.
(c) Holding oneself out to be the husband or wife of the person
with whom one is cohabiting is not necessary to constitute
cohabitation as the term is used in this section.
(d) As used in this section, “traumatic condition” means a
condition of the body, such as a wound, or external or internal
injury, including, but not limited to, injury as a result of
strangulation or suffocation, whether of a minor or serious nature,
caused by a physical force. For purposes of this section,
“strangulation” and “suffocation” include impeding the normal
breathing or circulation of the blood of a person by applying
pressure on the throat or neck.
(e) For the purpose of this section, a person shall be considered
the father or mother of another person’s child if the alleged male
parent is presumed the natural father under Sections 7611 and 7612 of
the Family Code.
(f) (1) Any person convicted of violating this section for acts
occurring within seven years of a previous conviction under
subdivision (a), or subdivision (d) of Section 243, or Section 243.4,
244, 244.5, or 245, shall be punished by imprisonment in a county
jail for not more than one year, or by imprisonment in the state
prison for two, four, or five years, or by both imprisonment and a
fine of up to ten thousand dollars ($10,000).
(2) Any person convicted of a violation of this section for acts
occurring within seven years of a previous conviction under
subdivision (e) of Section 243 shall be punished by imprisonment in
the state prison for two, three, or four years, or in a county jail
for not more than one year, or by a fine of up to ten thousand
dollars ($10,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine.
(g) If probation is granted to any person convicted under
subdivision (a), the court shall impose probation consistent with the
provisions of Section 1203.097.
(h) If probation is granted, or the execution or imposition of a
sentence is suspended, for any defendant convicted under subdivision
(a) who has been convicted of any prior offense specified in
subdivision (f), the court shall impose one of the following
conditions of probation:
(1) If the defendant has suffered one prior conviction within the
previous seven years for a violation of any offense specified in
subdivision (f), it shall be a condition thereof, in addition to the
provisions contained in Section 1203.097, that he or she be
imprisoned in a county jail for not less than 15 days.
(2) If the defendant has suffered two or more prior convictions
within the previous seven years for a violation of any offense
specified in subdivision (f), it shall be a condition of probation,
in addition to the provisions contained in Section 1203.097, that he
or she be imprisoned in a county jail for not less than 60 days.
(3) The court, upon a showing of good cause, may find that the
mandatory imprisonment required by this subdivision shall not be
imposed and shall state on the record its reasons for finding good
cause.
(i) If probation is granted upon conviction of a violation of
subdivision (a), the conditions of probation may include, consistent
with the terms of probation imposed pursuant to Section 1203.097, in
lieu of a fine, one or both of the following requirements:
(1) That the defendant make payments to a battered women’s
shelter, up to a maximum of five thousand dollars ($5,000), pursuant
to Section 1203.097.
(2) (A) That the defendant reimburse the victim for reasonable
costs of counseling and other reasonable expenses that the court
finds are the direct result of the defendant’s offense.
(B) For any order to pay a fine, make payments to a battered women’
s shelter, or pay restitution as a condition of probation under this
subdivision, the court shall make a determination of the defendant’s
ability to pay. In no event shall any order to make payments to a
battered women’s shelter be made if it would impair the ability of
the defendant to pay direct restitution to the victim or
court-ordered child support. If the injury to a married person is
caused in whole or in part by the criminal acts of his or her spouse
in violation of this section, the community property may not be used
to discharge the liability of the offending spouse for restitution to
the injured spouse, required by Section 1203.04, as operative on or
before August 2, 1995, or Section 1202.4, or to a shelter for costs
with regard to the injured spouse and dependents, required by this
section, until all separate property of the offending spouse is
exhausted.
(j) Upon conviction under subdivision (a), the sentencing court
shall also consider issuing an order restraining the defendant from
any contact with the victim, which may be valid for up to 10 years,
as determined by the court. It is the intent of the Legislature that
the length of any restraining order be based upon the seriousness of
the facts before the court, the probability of future violations, and
the safety of the victim and his or her immediate family. This
protective order may be issued by the court whether the defendant is
sentenced to state prison, county jail, or if imposition of sentence
is suspended and the defendant is placed on probation.
(k) If a peace officer makes an arrest for a violation of this
section, the peace officer is not required to inform the victim of
his or her right to make a citizen’s arrest pursuant to subdivision
(b) of Section 836.
273.6. (a) Any intentional and knowing violation of a protective
order, as defined in Section 6218 of the Family Code, or of an order
issued pursuant to Section 527.6, 527.8, or 527.85 of the Code of
Civil Procedure, or Section 15657.03 of the Welfare and Institutions
Code, is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one
thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in a county jail for
not more than one year, or by both that fine and imprisonment.
(b) In the event of a violation of subdivision (a) that results in
physical injury, the person shall be punished by a fine of not more
than two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in a county
jail for not less than 30 days nor more than one year, or by both
that fine and imprisonment. However, if the person is imprisoned in a
county jail for at least 48 hours, the court may, in the interest of
justice and for reasons stated on the record, reduce or eliminate
the 30-day minimum imprisonment required by this subdivision. In
determining whether to reduce or eliminate the minimum imprisonment
pursuant to this subdivision, the court shall consider the
seriousness of the facts before the court, whether there are
additional allegations of a violation of the order during the
pendency of the case before the court, the probability of future
violations, the safety of the victim, and whether the defendant has
successfully completed or is making progress with counseling.
(c) Subdivisions (a) and (b) shall apply to the following court
orders:
(1) Any order issued pursuant to Section 6320 or 6389 of the
Family Code.
(2) An order excluding one party from the family dwelling or from
the dwelling of the other.
(3) An order enjoining a party from specified behavior that the
court determined was necessary to effectuate the order described in
subdivision (a).
(4) Any order issued by another state that is recognized under
Part 5 (commencing with Section 6400) of Division 10 of the Family
Code.
(d) A subsequent conviction for a violation of an order described
in subdivision (a), occurring within seven years of a prior
conviction for a violation of an order described in subdivision (a)
and involving an act of violence or “a credible threat” of violence,
as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 139, is punishable by
imprisonment in a county jail not to exceed one year, or pursuant to
subdivision (h) of Section 1170.
(e) In the event of a subsequent conviction for a violation of an
order described in subdivision (a) for an act occurring within one
year of a prior conviction for a violation of an order described in
subdivision (a) that results in physical injury to a victim, the
person shall be punished by a fine of not more than two thousand
dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in a county jail for not less
than six months nor more than one year, by both that fine and
imprisonment, or by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of
Section 1170. However, if the person is imprisoned in a county jail
for at least 30 days, the court may, in the interest of justice and
for reasons stated in the record, reduce or eliminate the six-month
minimum imprisonment required by this subdivision. In determining
whether to reduce or eliminate the minimum imprisonment pursuant to
this subdivision, the court shall consider the seriousness of the
facts before the court, whether there are additional allegations of a
violation of the order during the pendency of the case before the
court, the probability of future violations, the safety of the
victim, and whether the defendant has successfully completed or is
making progress with counseling.
(f) The prosecuting agency of each county shall have the primary
responsibility for the enforcement of orders described in
subdivisions (a), (b), (d), and (e).
(g) (1) Every person who owns, possesses, purchases, or receives a
firearm knowing he or she is prohibited from doing so by the
provisions of a protective order as defined in Section 136.2 of this
code, Section 6218 of the Family Code, or Section 527.6, 527.8, or
527.85 of the Code of Civil Procedure, or Section 15657.03 of the
Welfare and Institutions Code, shall be punished under Section 29825.
(2) Every person subject to a protective order described in
paragraph (1) shall not be prosecuted under this section for owning,
possessing, purchasing, or receiving a firearm to the extent that
firearm is granted an exemption pursuant to subdivision (f) of
Section 527.9 of the Code of Civil Procedure, or subdivision (h) of
Section 6389 of the Family Code.
(h) If probation is granted upon conviction of a violation of
subdivision (a), (b), (c), (d), or (e), the court shall impose
probation consistent with Section 1203.097, and the conditions of
probation may include, in lieu of a fine, one or both of the
following requirements:
(1) That the defendant make payments to a battered women’s shelter
or to a shelter for abused elder persons or dependent adults, up to
a maximum of five thousand dollars ($5,000), pursuant to Section
1203.097.
(2) That the defendant reimburse the victim for reasonable costs
of counseling and other reasonable expenses that the court finds are
the direct result of the defendant’s offense.
(i) For any order to pay a fine, make payments to a battered women’
s shelter, or pay restitution as a condition of probation under
subdivision (e), the court shall make a determination of the
defendant’s ability to pay. In no event shall any order to make
payments to a battered women’s shelter be made if it would impair the
ability of the defendant to pay direct restitution to the victim or
court-ordered child support. Where the injury to a married person is
caused in whole or in part by the criminal acts of his or her spouse
in violation of this section, the community property may not be used
to discharge the liability of the offending spouse for restitution to
the injured spouse, required by Section 1203.04, as operative on or
before August 2, 1995, or Section 1202.4, or to a shelter for costs
with regard to the injured spouse and dependents, required by this
section, until all separate property of the offending spouse is
exhausted.
273.65. (a) Any intentional and knowing violation of a protective
order issued pursuant to Section 213.5, 304, or 362.4 of the Welfare
and Institutions Code is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not
more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in a
county jail for not more than one year, or by both the fine and
imprisonment.
(b) In the event of a violation of subdivision (a) which results
in physical injury, the person shall be punished by a fine of not
more than two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in a
county jail for not less than 30 days nor more than one year, or by
both the fine and imprisonment. However, if the person is imprisoned
in a county jail for at least 48 hours, the court may, in the
interests of justice and for reasons stated on the record, reduce or
eliminate the 30-day minimum imprisonment required by this
subdivision. In determining whether to reduce or eliminate the
minimum imprisonment pursuant to this subdivision, the court shall
consider the seriousness of the facts before the court, whether there
are additional allegations of a violation of the order during the
pendency of the case before the court, the probability of future
violations, the safety of the victim, and whether the defendant has
successfully completed or is making progress with counseling.
(c) Subdivisions (a) and (b) shall apply to the following court
orders:
(1) An order enjoining any party from molesting, attacking,
striking, threatening, sexually assaulting, battering, harassing,
contacting repeatedly by mail with the intent to harass, or
disturbing the peace of the other party, or other named family and
household members.
(2) An order excluding one party from the family dwelling or from
the dwelling of the other.
(3) An order enjoining a party from specified behavior which the
court determined was necessary to effectuate the order under
subdivision (a).
(d) A subsequent conviction for a violation of an order described
in subdivision (a), occurring within seven years of a prior
conviction for a violation of an order described in subdivision (a)
and involving an act of violence or “a credible threat” of violence,
as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 139, is punishable by
imprisonment in a county jail not to exceed one year, or pursuant to
subdivision (h) of Section 1170.
(e) In the event of a subsequent conviction for a violation of an
order described in subdivision (a) for an act occurring within one
year of a prior conviction for a violation of an order described in
subdivision (a) which results in physical injury to the same victim,
the person shall be punished by a fine of not more than two thousand
dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in a county jail for not less
than six months nor more than one year, by both that fine and
imprisonment, or by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of
Section 1170. However, if the person is imprisoned in a county jail
for at least 30 days, the court may, in the interests of justice and
for reasons stated in the record, reduce or eliminate the six-month
minimum imprisonment required by this subdivision. In determining
whether to reduce or eliminate the minimum imprisonment pursuant to
this subdivision, the court shall consider the seriousness of the
facts before the court, whether there are additional allegations of a
violation of the order during the pendency of the case before the
court, the probability of future violations, the safety of the
victim, and whether the defendant has successfully completed or is
making progress with counseling.
(f) The prosecuting agency of each county shall have the primary
responsibility for the enforcement of orders issued pursuant to
subdivisions (a), (b), (d), and (e).
(g) The court may order a person convicted under this section to
undergo counseling, and, if appropriate, to complete a batterer’s
treatment program.
(h) If probation is granted upon conviction of a violation of
subdivision (a), (b), or (c), the conditions of probation may
include, in lieu of a fine, one or both of the following
requirements:
(1) That the defendant make payments to a battered women’s
shelter, up to a maximum of five thousand dollars ($5,000), pursuant
to Section 1203.097.
(2) That the defendant reimburse the victim for reasonable costs
of counseling and other reasonable expenses that the court finds are
the direct result of the defendant’s offense.
(i) For any order to pay a fine, make payments to a battered women’
s shelter, or pay restitution as a condition of probation under
subdivision (e), the court shall make a determination of the
defendant’s ability to pay. In no event shall any order to make
payments to a battered women’s shelter be made if it would impair the
ability of the defendant to pay direct restitution to the victim or
court-ordered child support.
273.7. (a) Any person who maliciously publishes, disseminates, or
otherwise discloses the location of any trafficking shelter or
domestic violence shelter or any place designated as a trafficking
shelter or domestic violence shelter, without the authorization of
that trafficking shelter or domestic violence shelter, is guilty of a
misdemeanor.
(b) (1) For purposes of this section, “domestic violence shelter”
means a confidential location that provides emergency housing on a
24-hour basis for victims of sexual assault, spousal abuse, or both,
and their families.
(2) For purposes of this section, “trafficking shelter” means a
confidential location that provides emergency housing on a 24-hour
basis for victims of human trafficking, including any person who is a
victim under Section 236.1.
(3) Sexual assault, spousal abuse, or both, include, but are not
limited to, those crimes described in Sections 240, 242, 243.4, 261,
261.5, 262, 264.1, 266, 266a, 266b, 266c, 266f, 273.5, 273.6, 285,
288, and 289.
(c) Nothing in this section shall apply to confidential
communications between an attorney and his or her client.
273.75. (a) On any charge involving acts of domestic violence as
defined in subdivisions (a) and (b) of Section 13700 of the Penal
Code or Sections 6203 and 6211 of the Family Code, the district
attorney or prosecuting city attorney shall perform or cause to be
performed, by accessing the electronic databases enumerated in
subdivision (b), a thorough investigation of the defendant’s history,
including, but not limited to, prior convictions for domestic
violence, other forms of violence or weapons offenses and any current
protective or restraining order issued by any civil or criminal
court. This information shall be presented for consideration by the
court (1) when setting bond or when releasing a defendant on his or
her own recognizance at the arraignment, if the defendant is in
custody, (2) upon consideration of any plea agreement, and (3) when
issuing a protective order pursuant to Section 136.2 of the Penal
Code, in accordance with subdivision (h) of that section. In
determining bail or release upon a plea agreement, the court shall
consider the safety of the victim, the victim’s children, and any
other person who may be in danger if the defendant is released.
(b) For purposes of this section, the district attorney or
prosecuting city attorney shall search or cause to be searched the
following databases, when readily available and reasonably
accessible:
(1) The Violent Crime Information Network (VCIN).
(2) The Supervised Release File.
(3) State summary criminal history information maintained by the
Department of Justice pursuant to Section 11105 of the Penal Code.
(4) The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s nationwide database.
(5) Locally maintained criminal history records or databases.
However, a record or database need not be searched if the
information available in that record or database can be obtained as a
result of a search conducted in another record or database.
(c) If the investigation required by this section reveals a
current civil protective or restraining order or a protective or
restraining order issued by another criminal court and involving the
same or related parties, and if a protective or restraining order is
issued in the current criminal proceeding, the district attorney or
prosecuting city attorney shall send relevant information regarding
the contents of the order issued in the current criminal proceeding,
and any information regarding a conviction of the defendant, to the
other court immediately after the order has been issued. When
requested, the information described in this subdivision may be sent
to the appropriate family, juvenile, or civil court. When requested,
and upon a showing of a compelling need, the information described in this section may be sent to a court in another state.

CHAPTER 2.5. SPOUSAL ABUSERS

PENAL CODE
SECTION 273.8-273.88

273.8. The Legislature hereby finds that spousal abusers present a
clear and present danger to the mental and physical well-being of the
citizens of the State of California. The Legislature further finds
that the concept of vertical prosecution, in which a specially
trained deputy district attorney, deputy city attorney, or
prosecution unit is assigned to a case after arraignment and
continuing to its completion, is a proven way of demonstrably
increasing the likelihood of convicting spousal abusers and ensuring
appropriate sentences for those offenders. In enacting this chapter,
the Legislature intends to support increased efforts by district
attorneys’ and city attorneys’ offices to prosecute spousal abusers
through organizational and operational techniques that have already
proven their effectiveness in selected cities and counties in this
and other states.
273.81. (a) There is hereby established in the Department of
Justice a program of financial and technical assistance for district
attorneys’ or city attorneys’ offices, designated the Spousal Abuser
Prosecution Program. All funds appropriated to the Department of
Justice for the purposes of this chapter shall be administered and
disbursed by the Attorney General, and shall to the greatest extent
feasible, be coordinated or consolidated with any federal or local
funds that may be made available for these purposes.
The Department of Justice shall establish guidelines for the
provision of grant awards to proposed and existing programs prior to
the allocation of funds under this chapter. These guidelines shall
contain the criteria for the selection of agencies to receive funding
and the terms and conditions upon which the Department of Justice is
prepared to offer grants pursuant to statutory authority. The
guidelines shall not constitute rules, regulations, orders, or
standards of general application.
(b) The Attorney General may allocate and award funds to cities or
counties, or both, in which spousal abuser prosecution units are
established or are proposed to be established in substantial
compliance with the policies and criteria set forth in this chapter.
(c) The allocation and award of funds shall be made upon
application executed by the county’s district attorney or by the city’
s attorney and approved by the county board of supervisors or by the
city council. Funds disbursed under this chapter shall not supplant
local funds that would, in the absence of the California Spousal
Abuser Prosecution Program, be made available to support the
prosecution of spousal abuser cases. Local grant awards made under
this program shall not be subject to review as specified in Section
10295 of the Public Contract Code.
(d) Local government recipients shall provide 20 percent matching
funds for every grant awarded under this program.

273.82. Spousal abuser prosecution units receiving funds under this
chapter shall concentrate enhanced prosecution efforts and resources
upon individuals identified under selection criteria set forth in
Section 273.83. Enhanced prosecution efforts and resources shall
include, but not be limited to, all of the following:
(a) (1) Vertical prosecutorial representation, whereby the
prosecutor who, or prosecution unit that, makes all major court
appearances on that particular case through its conclusion, including
bail evaluation, preliminary hearing, significant law and motion
litigation, trial, and sentencing.
(2) Vertical counselor representation, whereby a trained domestic
violence counselor maintains liaison from initial court appearances
through the case’s conclusion, including the sentencing phase.
(b) The assignment of highly qualified investigators and
prosecutors to spousal abuser cases. “Highly qualified” for the
purposes of this chapter means any of the following:
(1) Individuals with one year of experience in the investigation
and prosecution of felonies.
(2) Individuals with at least two years of experience

CHAPTER 4. CHILD ABDUCTION

PENAL CODE
SECTION 277-280

277. The following definitions apply for the purposes of this
chapter:
(a) “Child” means a person under the age of 18 years.
(b) “Court order” or “custody order” means a custody determination
decree, judgment, or order issued by a court of competent
jurisdiction, whether permanent or temporary, initial or modified,
that affects the custody or visitation of a child, issued in the
context of a custody proceeding. An order, once made, shall continue
in effect until it expires, is modified, is rescinded, or terminates
by operation of law.
(c) “Custody proceeding” means a proceeding in which a custody
determination is an issue, including, but not limited to, an action
for dissolution or separation, dependency, guardianship, termination
of parental rights, adoption, paternity, except actions under Section
11350 or 11350.1 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, or protection
from domestic violence proceedings, including an emergency
protective order pursuant to Part 3 (commencing with Section 6240) of
Division 10 of the Family Code.
(d) “Lawful custodian” means a person, guardian, or public agency
having a right to custody of a child.
(e) A “right to custody” means the right to the physical care,
custody, and control of a child pursuant to a custody order as
defined in subdivision (b) or, in the absence of a court order, by
operation of law, or pursuant to the Uniform Parentage Act contained
in Part 3 (commencing with Section 7600) of Division 12 of the Family
Code. Whenever a public agency takes protective custody or
jurisdiction of the care, custody, control, or conduct of a child by
statutory authority or court order, that agency is a lawful custodian
of the child and has a right to physical custody of the child. In
any subsequent placement of the child, the public agency continues to
be a lawful custodian with a right to physical custody of the child
until the public agency’s right of custody is terminated by an order
of a court of competent jurisdiction or by operation of law.
(f) In the absence of a court order to the contrary, a parent
loses his or her right to custody of the child to the other parent if
the parent having the right to custody is dead, is unable or refuses
to take the custody, or has abandoned his or her family. A natural
parent whose parental rights have been terminated by court order is
no longer a lawful custodian and no longer has a right to physical
custody.
(g) “Keeps” or “withholds” means retains physical possession of a
child whether or not the child resists or objects.
(h) “Visitation” means the time for access to the child allotted
to any person by court order.
(i) “Person” includes, but is not limited to, a parent or an agent
of a parent.
(j) “Domestic violence” means domestic violence as defined in
Section 6211 of the Family Code.
(k) “Abduct” means take, entice away, keep, withhold, or conceal.
278. Every person, not having a right to custody, who maliciously
takes, entices away, keeps, withholds, or conceals any child with the
intent to detain or conceal that child from a lawful custodian shall
be punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year,
a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or both that
fine and imprisonment, or by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h)
of Section 1170 for two, three, or four years, a fine not exceeding
ten thousand dollars ($10,000), or both that fine and imprisonment.

 278.5. (a) Every person who takes, entices away, keeps, withholds,

or conceals a child and maliciously deprives a lawful custodian of a
right to custody, or a person of a right to visitation, shall be
punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, a
fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or both that fine
and imprisonment, or by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of
Section 1170 for 16 months, or two or three years, a fine not
exceeding ten thousand dollars ($10,000), or both that fine and
imprisonment.
(b) Nothing contained in this section limits the court’s contempt
power.
(c) A custody order obtained after the taking, enticing away,
keeping, withholding, or concealing of a child does not constitute a
defense to a crime charged under this section.
278.6. (a) At the sentencing hearing following a conviction for a
violation of Section 278 or 278.5, or both, the court shall consider
any relevant factors and circumstances in aggravation, including, but
not limited to, all of the following:
(1) The child was exposed to a substantial risk of physical injury
or illness.
(2) The defendant inflicted or threatened to inflict physical harm
on a parent or lawful custodian of the child or on the child at the
time of or during the abduction.
(3) The defendant harmed or abandoned the child during the
abduction.
(4) The child was taken, enticed away, kept, withheld, or
concealed outside the United States.
(5) The child has not been returned to the lawful custodian.
(6) The defendant previously abducted or threatened to abduct the
child.
(7) The defendant substantially altered the appearance or the name
of the child.
(8) The defendant denied the child appropriate education during
the abduction.
(9) The length of the abduction.
(10) The age of the child.
(b) At the sentencing hearing following a conviction for a
violation of Section 278 or 278.5, or both, the court shall consider
any relevant factors and circumstances in mitigation, including, but
not limited to, both of the following:
(1) The defendant returned the child unharmed and prior to arrest
or issuance of a warrant for arrest, whichever is first.
(2) The defendant provided information and assistance leading to
the child’s safe return.
(c) In addition to any other penalties provided for a violation of
Section 278 or 278.5, a court shall order the defendant to pay
restitution to the district attorney for any costs incurred in
locating and returning the child as provided in Section 3134 of the
Family Code, and to the victim for those expenses and costs
reasonably incurred by, or on behalf of, the victim in locating and
recovering the child. An award made pursuant to this section shall
constitute a final judgment and shall be enforceable as such.
278.7. (a) Section 278.5 does not apply to a person with a right to
custody of a child who, with a good faith and reasonable belief that
the child, if left with the other person, will suffer immediate
bodily injury or emotional harm, takes, entices away, keeps,
withholds, or conceals that child.
(b) Section 278.5 does not apply to a person with a right to
custody of a child who has been a victim of domestic violence who,
with a good faith and reasonable belief that the child, if left with
the other person, will suffer immediate bodily injury or emotional
harm, takes, entices away, keeps, withholds, or conceals that child.
“Emotional harm” includes having a parent who has committed domestic
violence against the parent who is taking, enticing away, keeping,
withholding, or concealing the child.
(c) The person who takes, entices away, keeps, withholds, or
conceals a child shall do all of the following:
(1) Within a reasonable time from the taking, enticing away,
keeping, withholding, or concealing, make a report to the office of
the district attorney of the county where the child resided before
the action. The report shall include the name of the person, the
current address and telephone number of the child and the person, and
the reasons the child was taken, enticed away, kept, withheld, or
concealed.
(2) Within a reasonable time from the taking, enticing away,
keeping, withholding, or concealing, commence a custody proceeding in
a court of competent jurisdiction consistent with the federal
Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act (Section 1738A, Title 28, United
States Code) or the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act (Part 3
(commencing with Section 3400) of Division 8 of the Family Code).
(3) Inform the district attorney’s office of any change of address
or telephone number of the person and the child.
(d) For the purposes of this article, a reasonable time within
which to make a report to the district attorney’s office is at least
10 days and a reasonable time to commence a custody proceeding is at
least 30 days. This section shall not preclude a person from making a
report to the district attorney’s office or commencing a custody
proceeding earlier than those specified times.
(e) The address and telephone number of the person and the child
provided pursuant to this section shall remain confidential unless
released pursuant to state law or by a court order that contains
appropriate safeguards to ensure the safety of the person and the
child.

279. A violation of Section 278 or 278.5 by a person who was not a
resident of, or present in, this state at the time of the alleged
offense is punishable in this state, whether the intent to commit the
offense is formed within or outside of this state, if any of the
following apply:
(a) The child was a resident of, or present in, this state at the
time the child was taken, enticed away, kept, withheld, or concealed.
(b) The child thereafter is found in this state.
(c) A lawful custodian or a person with a right to visitation is a
resident of this state at the time the child was taken, enticed
away, kept, withheld, or concealed.

 

279.1. The offenses enumerated in Sections 278 and 278.5 are
continuous in nature, and continue for as long as the minor child is
concealed or detained.
279.5. When a person is arrested for an alleged violation of
Section 278 or 278.5, the court, in setting bail, shall take into
consideration whether the child has been returned to the lawful
custodian, and if not, shall consider whether there is an increased
risk that the child may not be returned, or the defendant may flee
the jurisdiction, or, by flight or concealment, evade the authority
of the court.

279.6. (a) A law enforcement officer may take a child into
protective custody under any of the following circumstances:
(1) It reasonably appears to the officer that a person is likely
to conceal the child, flee the jurisdiction with the child, or, by
flight or concealment, evade the authority of the court.
(2) There is no lawful custodian available to take custody of the
child.
(3) There are conflicting custody orders or conflicting claims to
custody and the parties cannot agree which party should take custody
of the child.
(4) The child is an abducted child.
(b) When a law enforcement officer takes a child into protective
custody pursuant to this section, the officer shall do one of the
following:
(1) Release the child to the lawful custodian of the child, unless
it reasonably appears that the release would cause the child to be
endangered, abducted, or removed from the jurisdiction.
(2) Obtain an emergency protective order pursuant to Part 3
(commencing with Section 6240) of Division 10 of the Family Code
ordering placement of the child with an interim custodian who agrees
in writing to accept interim custody.
(3) Release the child to the social services agency responsible
for arranging shelter or foster care.
(4) Return the child as ordered by a court of competent
jurisdiction.
(c) Upon the arrest of a person for a violation of Section 278 or
278.5, a law enforcement officer shall take possession of an abducted
child who is found in the company of, or under the control of, the
arrested person and deliver the child as directed in subdivision (b).
(d) Notwithstanding any other law, when a person is arrested for
an alleged violation of Section 278 or 278.5, the court shall, at the
time of the arraignment or thereafter, order that the child shall be
returned to the lawful custodian by or on a specific date, or that
the person show cause on that date why the child has not been
returned as ordered. If conflicting custodial orders exist within
this state, or between this state and a foreign state, the court
shall set a hearing within five court days to determine which court
has jurisdiction under the laws of this state and determine which
state has subject matter jurisdiction to issue a custodial order
under the laws of this state, the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction
Act (Part 3 (commencing with Section 3400) of Division 8 of the
Family Code), or federal law, if applicable. At the conclusion of the
hearing, or if the child has not been returned as ordered by the
court at the time of arraignment, the court shall enter an order as
to which custody order is valid and is to be enforced. If the child
has not been returned at the conclusion of the hearing, the court
shall set a date within a reasonable time by which the child shall be
returned to the lawful custodian, and order the defendant to comply
by this date, or to show cause on that date why he or she has not
returned the child as directed. The court shall only enforce its
order, or any subsequent orders for the return of the child, under
subdivision (a) of Section 1219 of the Code of Civil Procedure, to
ensure that the child is promptly placed with the lawful custodian.
An order adverse to either the prosecution or defense is reviewable
by a writ of mandate or prohibition addressed to the appropriate
court.
280. Every person who willfully causes or permits the removal or
concealment of any child in violation of Section 8713, 8803, or 8910
of the Family Code shall be punished as follows:
(a) By imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year if
the child is concealed within the county in which the adoption
proceeding is pending or in which the child has been placed for
adoption, or is removed from that county to a place within this
state.
(b) By imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170,
or by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year, if
the child is removed from that county to a place outside of this
state.

CHAPTER 5. BIGAMY, INCEST, AND THE CRIME AGAINST NATURE

PENAL CODE
SECTION 281-289.6

281. (a) Every person having a husband or wife living, who marries
any other person, except in the cases specified in Section 282, is
guilty of bigamy.
(b) Upon a trial for bigamy, it is not necessary to prove either
of the marriages by the register, certificate, or other record
evidence thereof, but the marriages may be proved by evidence which
is admissible to prove a marriage in other cases; and when the second
marriage took place out of this state, proof of that fact,
accompanied with proof of cohabitation thereafter in this state, is
sufficient to sustain the charge.

 

282. Section 281 does not extend to any of the following:
(a) To any person by reason of any former marriage whose husband
or wife by such marriage has been absent for five successive years
without being known to such person within that time to be living.
(b) To any person by reason of any former marriage which has been
pronounced void, annulled, or dissolved by the judgment of a
competent court.

283. Bigamy is punishable by a fine not exceeding ten thousand
dollars ($10,000) or by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding
one year or in the state prison.

 

284. Every person who knowingly and willfully marries the husband
or wife of another, in any case in which such husband or wife would
be punishable under the provisions of this chapter, is punishable by
fine not less than five thousand dollars ($5,000), or by imprisonment
pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.
285. Persons being within the degrees of consanguinity within which
marriages are declared by law to be incestuous and void, who
intermarry with each other, or who being 14 years of age or older,
commit fornication or adultery with each other, are punishable by
imprisonment in the state prison.

 

286. (a) Sodomy is sexual conduct consisting of contact between the
penis of one person and the anus of another person. Any sexual
penetration, however slight, is sufficient to complete the crime of
sodomy.
(b) (1) Except as provided in Section 288, any person who
participates in an act of sodomy with another person who is under 18
years of age shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison,
or in a county jail for not more than one year.
(2) Except as provided in Section 288, any person over 21 years of
age who participates in an act of sodomy with another person who is
under 16 years of age shall be guilty of a felony.
(c) (1) Any person who participates in an act of sodomy with
another person who is under 14 years of age and more than 10 years
younger than he or she shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for three, six, or eight years.
(2) (A) Any person who commits an act of sodomy when the act is
accomplished against the victim’s will by means of force, violence,
duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on
the victim or another person shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison for three, six, or eight years.
(B) Any person who commits an act of sodomy with another person
who is under 14 years of age when the act is accomplished against the
victim’s will by means of force, violence, duress, menace, or fear
of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another
person shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 9,
11, or 13 years.
(C) Any person who commits an act of sodomy with another person
who is a minor 14 years of age or older when the act is accomplished
against the victim’s will by means of force, violence, duress,
menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim
or another person shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for 7, 9, or 11 years.
(D) This paragraph does not preclude prosecution under Section
269, Section 288.7, or any other provision of law.
(3) Any person who commits an act of sodomy where the act is
accomplished against the victim’s will by threatening to retaliate in
the future against the victim or any other person, and there is a
reasonable possibility that the perpetrator will execute the threat,
shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six,
or eight years.
(d) (1) Any person who, while voluntarily acting in concert with
another person, either personally or aiding and abetting that other
person, commits an act of sodomy when the act is accomplished against
the victim’s will by means of force or fear of immediate and
unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another person or where the
act is accomplished against the victim’s will by threatening to
retaliate in the future against the victim or any other person, and
there is a reasonable possibility that the perpetrator will execute
the threat, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for
five, seven, or nine years.
(2) Any person who, while voluntarily acting in concert with
another person, either personally or aiding and abetting that other
person, commits an act of sodomy upon a victim who is under 14 years
of age, when the act is accomplished against the victim’s will by
means of force or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the
victim or another person, shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison for 10, 12, or 14 years.
(3) Any person who, while voluntarily acting in concert with
another person, either personally or aiding and abetting that other
person, commits an act of sodomy upon a victim who is a minor 14
years of age or older, when the act is accomplished against the
victim’s will by means of force or fear of immediate and unlawful
bodily injury on the victim or another person, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for 7, 9, or 11 years.
(4) This subdivision does not preclude prosecution under Section
269, Section 288.7, or any other provision of law.
(e) Any person who participates in an act of sodomy with any
person of any age while confined in any state prison, as defined in
Section 4504, or in any local detention facility, as defined in
Section 6031.4, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison, or in a county jail for not more than one year.
(f) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, and the victim is at
the time unconscious of the nature of the act and this is known to
the person committing the act, shall be punished by imprisonment in
the state prison for three, six, or eight years. As used in this
subdivision, “unconscious of the nature of the act” means incapable
of resisting because the victim meets one of the following
conditions:
(1) Was unconscious or asleep.
(2) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant that the act
occurred.
(3) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator’s fraud
in fact.
(4) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator’s
fraudulent representation that the sexual penetration served a
professional purpose when it served no professional purpose.
(g) Except as provided in subdivision (h), a person who commits an
act of sodomy, and the victim is at the time incapable, because of a
mental disorder or developmental or physical disability, of giving
legal consent, and this is known or reasonably should be known to the
person committing the act, shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison for three, six, or eight years. Notwithstanding the
existence of a conservatorship pursuant to the Lanterman-Petris-Short
Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 5000) of Division 5 of the
Welfare and Institutions Code), the prosecuting attorney shall prove,
as an element of the crime, that a mental disorder or developmental
or physical disability rendered the alleged victim incapable of
giving consent.
(h) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, and the victim is at
the time incapable, because of a mental disorder or developmental or
physical disability, of giving legal consent, and this is known or
reasonably should be known to the person committing the act, and both
the defendant and the victim are at the time confined in a state
hospital for the care and treatment of the mentally disordered or in
any other public or private facility for the care and treatment of
the mentally disordered approved by a county mental health director,
shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison, or in a county
jail for not more than one year. Notwithstanding the existence of a
conservatorship pursuant to the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1
(commencing with Section 5000) of Division 5 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code), the prosecuting attorney shall prove, as an
element of the crime, that a mental disorder or developmental or
physical disability rendered the alleged victim incapable of giving
legal consent.
(i) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, where the victim is
prevented from resisting by an intoxicating or anesthetic substance,
or any controlled substance, and this condition was known, or
reasonably should have been known by the accused, shall be punished
by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
(j) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, where the victim
submits under the belief that the person committing the act is
someone known to the victim other than the accused, and this belief
is induced by any artifice, pretense, or concealment practiced by the
accused, with intent to induce the belief, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
(k) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, where the act is
accomplished against the victim’s will by threatening to use the
authority of a public official to incarcerate, arrest, or deport the
victim or another, and the victim has a reasonable belief that the
perpetrator is a public official, shall be punished by imprisonment
in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
As used in this subdivision, “public official” means a person
employed by a governmental agency who has the authority, as part of
that position, to incarcerate, arrest, or deport another. The
perpetrator does not actually have to be a public official.
(l) As used in subdivisions (c) and (d), “threatening to retaliate”
means a threat to kidnap or falsely imprison, or inflict extreme
pain, serious bodily injury, or death.
(m) In addition to any punishment imposed under this section, the
judge may assess a fine not to exceed seventy dollars ($70) against
any person who violates this section, with the proceeds of this fine
to be used in accordance with Section 1463.23. The court, however,
shall take into consideration the defendant’s ability to pay, and no
defendant shall be denied probation because of his or her inability
to pay the fine permitted under this subdivision.

 

286.5. Any person who sexually assaults any animal protected by
Section 597f for the purpose of arousing or gratifying the sexual
desire of the person is guilty of a misdemeanor.

 

288. (a) Except as provided in subdivision (i), any person who
willfully and lewdly commits any lewd or lascivious act, including
any of the acts constituting other crimes provided for in Part 1,
upon or with the body, or any part or member thereof, of a child who
is under the age of 14 years, with the intent of arousing, appealing
to, or gratifying the lust, passions, or sexual desires of that
person or the child, is guilty of a felony and shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
(b) (1) Any person who commits an act described in subdivision (a)
by use of force, violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and
unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another person, is guilty of
a felony and shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison
for 5, 8, or 10 years.
(2) Any person who is a caretaker and commits an act described in
subdivision (a) upon a dependent person by use of force, violence,
duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on
the victim or another person, with the intent described in
subdivision (a), is guilty of a felony and shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for 5, 8, or 10 years.
(c) (1) Any person who commits an act described in subdivision (a)
with the intent described in that subdivision, and the victim is a
child of 14 or 15 years, and that person is at least 10 years older
than the child, is guilty of a public offense and shall be punished
by imprisonment in the state prison for one, two, or three years, or
by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year. In
determining whether the person is at least 10 years older than the
child, the difference in age shall be measured from the birth date of
the person to the birth date of the child.
(2) Any person who is a caretaker and commits an act described in
subdivision (a) upon a dependent person, with the intent described in
subdivision (a), is guilty of a public offense and shall be punished
by imprisonment in the state prison for one, two, or three years, or
by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year.
(d) In any arrest or prosecution under this section or Section
288.5, the peace officer, district attorney, and the court shall
consider the needs of the child victim or dependent person and shall
do whatever is necessary, within existing budgetary resources, and
constitutionally permissible to prevent psychological harm to the
child victim or to prevent psychological harm to the dependent person
victim resulting from participation in the court process.
(e) Upon the conviction of any person for a violation of
subdivision (a) or (b), the court may, in addition to any other
penalty or fine imposed, order the defendant to pay an additional
fine not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000). In setting the
amount of the fine, the court shall consider any relevant factors,
including, but not limited to, the seriousness and gravity of the
offense, the circumstances of its commission, whether the defendant
derived any economic gain as a result of the crime, and the extent to
which the victim suffered economic losses as a result of the crime.
Every fine imposed and collected under this section shall be
deposited in the Victim-Witness Assistance Fund to be available for
appropriation to fund child sexual exploitation and child sexual
abuse victim counseling centers and prevention programs pursuant to
Section 13837.
If the court orders a fine imposed pursuant to this subdivision,
the actual administrative cost of collecting that fine, not to exceed
2 percent of the total amount paid, may be paid into the general
fund of the county treasury for the use and benefit of the county.
(f) For purposes of paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) and paragraph
(2) of subdivision (c), the following definitions apply:
(1) “Caretaker” means an owner, operator, administrator, employee,
independent contractor, agent, or volunteer of any of the following
public or private facilities when the facilities provide care for
elder or dependent persons:
(A) Twenty-four hour health facilities, as defined in Sections
1250, 1250.2, and 1250.3 of the Health and Safety Code.
(B) Clinics.
(C) Home health agencies.
(D) Adult day health care centers.
(E) Secondary schools that serve dependent persons and
postsecondary educational institutions that serve dependent persons
or elders.
(F) Sheltered workshops.
(G) Camps.
(H) Community care facilities, as defined by Section 1402 of the
Health and Safety Code, and residential care facilities for the
elderly, as defined in Section 1569.2 of the Health and Safety Code.
(I) Respite care facilities.
(J) Foster homes.
(K) Regional centers for persons with developmental disabilities.
(L) A home health agency licensed in accordance with Chapter 8
(commencing with Section 1725) of Division 2 of the Health and Safety
Code.
(M) An agency that supplies in-home supportive services.
(N) Board and care facilities.
(O) Any other protective or public assistance agency that provides
health services or social services to elder or dependent persons,
including, but not limited to, in-home supportive services, as
defined in Section 14005.14 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(P) Private residences.
(2) “Board and care facilities” means licensed or unlicensed
facilities that provide assistance with one or more of the following
activities:
(A) Bathing.
(B) Dressing.
(C) Grooming.
(D) Medication storage.
(E) Medical dispensation.
(F) Money management.
(3) “Dependent person” means any person who has a physical or
mental impairment that substantially restricts his or her ability to
carry out normal activities or to protect his or her rights,
including, but not limited to, persons who have physical or
developmental disabilities or whose physical or mental abilities have
significantly diminished because of age. “Dependent person” includes
any person who is admitted as an inpatient to a 24-hour health
facility, as defined in Sections 1250, 1250.2, and 1250.3 of the
Health and Safety Code.
(g) Paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) and paragraph (2) of
subdivision (c) apply to the owners, operators, administrators,
employees, independent contractors, agents, or volunteers working at
these public or private facilities and only to the extent that the
individuals personally commit, conspire, aid, abet, or facilitate any
act prohibited by paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) and paragraph (2)
of subdivision (c).
(h) Paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) and paragraph (2) of
subdivision (c) do not apply to a caretaker who is a spouse of, or
who is in an equivalent domestic relationship with, the dependent
person under care.
(i) (1) Any person convicted of a violation of subdivision (a)
shall be imprisoned in the state prison for life with the possibility
of parole if the defendant personally inflicted bodily harm upon the
victim.
(2) The penalty provided in this subdivision shall only apply if
the fact that the defendant personally inflicted bodily harm upon the
victim is pled and proved.
(3) As used in this subdivision, “bodily harm” means any
substantial physical injury resulting from the use of force that is
more than the force necessary to commit the offense.

 

288.1. Any person convicted of committing any lewd or lascivious
act including any of the acts constituting other crimes provided for
in Part 1 of this code upon or with the body, or any part or member
thereof, of a child under the age of 14 years shall not have his or
her sentence suspended until the court obtains a report from a
reputable psychiatrist, from a reputable psychologist who meets the
standards set forth in Section 1027, as to the mental condition of
that person.

 

288.2. (a) (1) Every person who knows, should have known, or
believes that another person is a minor, and who knowingly
distributes, sends, causes to be sent, exhibits, or offers to
distribute or exhibit by any means, including by physical delivery,
telephone, electronic communication, or in person, any harmful matter
that depicts a minor or minors engaging in sexual conduct, to the
other person with the intent of arousing, appealing to, or gratifying
the lust or passions or sexual desires of that person or of the
minor, and with the intent or for the purposes of engaging in sexual
intercourse, sodomy, or oral copulation with the other person, or
with the intent that either person touch an intimate body part of the
other, is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment in a
county jail not exceeding one year, or is guilty of a felony,
punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for two, three, or
five years.
(2) If the matter used by the person is harmful matter but does
not include a depiction or depictions of a minor or minors engaged in
sexual conduct, the offense is punishable by imprisonment in a
county jail not exceeding one year, or by imprisonment in the state
prison for 16 months, or two or three years.
(3) For purposes of this subdivision, the offense described in
paragraph (2) shall include all of the elements described in
paragraph (1), except as to the element modified in paragraph (2).
(b) For purposes of this section, “sexual conduct” has the same
meaning as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 311.4.
(c) For purposes of this section, “harmful matter” has the same
meaning as defined in Section 313.
(d) For purposes of this section, an intimate body part includes
the sexual organ, anus, groin, or buttocks of any person, or the
breasts of a female.
(e) Prosecution under this section shall not preclude prosecution
under any other provision of law.
(f) It shall be a defense to any prosecution under this section
that a parent or guardian committed the act charged in aid of
legitimate sex education.
(g) It shall be a defense in any prosecution under this section
that the act charged was committed in aid of legitimate scientific or
educational purposes.
(h) It does not constitute a violation of this section for a
telephone corporation, as defined in Section 234 of the Public
Utilities Code, a cable television company franchised pursuant to
Section 53066 of the Government Code, or any of its affiliates, an
Internet service provider, or commercial online service provider, to
carry, broadcast, or transmit messages described in this section or
perform related activities in providing telephone, cable television,
Internet, or commercial online services.

 

288.3. (a) Every person who contacts or communicates with a minor,
or attempts to contact or communicate with a minor, who knows or
reasonably should know that the person is a minor, with intent to
commit an offense specified in Section 207, 209, 261, 264.1, 273a,
286, 288, 288a, 288.2, 289, 311.1, 311.2, 311.4 or 311.11 involving
the minor shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for
the term prescribed for an attempt to commit the intended offense.
(b) As used in this section, “contacts or communicates with” shall
include direct and indirect contact or communication that may be
achieved personally or by use of an agent or agency, any print
medium, any postal service, a common carrier or communication common
carrier, any electronic communications system, or any
telecommunications, wire, computer, or radio communications device or
system.
(c) A person convicted of a violation of subdivision (a) who has
previously been convicted of a violation of subdivision (a) shall be
punished by an additional and consecutive term of imprisonment in the
state prison for five years.
288.4. (a) (1) Every person who, motivated by an unnatural or
abnormal sexual interest in children, arranges a meeting with a minor
or a person he or she believes to be a minor for the purpose of
exposing his or her genitals or pubic or rectal area, having the
child expose his or her genitals or pubic or rectal area, or engaging
in lewd or lascivious behavior, shall be punished by a fine not
exceeding five thousand dollars ($5,000), by imprisonment in a county
jail not exceeding one year, or by both the fine and imprisonment.
(2) Every person who violates this subdivision after a prior
conviction for an offense listed in subdivision (c) of Section 290
shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison.
(b) Every person described in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) who
goes to the arranged meeting place at or about the arranged time,
shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for two, three,
or four years.
(c) Nothing in this section shall preclude or prohibit prosecution
under any other provision of law.

 

288.5. (a) Any person who either resides in the same home with the
minor child or has recurring access to the child, who over a period
of time, not less than three months in duration, engages in three or
more acts of substantial sexual conduct with a child under the age of
14 years at the time of the commission of the offense, as defined in
subdivision (b) of Section 1203.066, or three or more acts of lewd
or lascivious conduct, as defined in Section 288, with a child under
the age of 14 years at the time of the commission of the offense is
guilty of the offense of continuous sexual abuse of a child and shall
be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a term of 6, 12,
or 16 years.
(b) To convict under this section the trier of fact, if a jury,
need unanimously agree only that the requisite number of acts
occurred not on which acts constitute the requisite number.
(c) No other act of substantial sexual conduct, as defined in
subdivision (b) of Section 1203.066, with a child under 14 years of
age at the time of the commission of the offenses, or lewd and
lascivious acts, as defined in Section 288, involving the same victim
may be charged in the same proceeding with a charge under this
section unless the other charged offense occurred outside the time
period charged under this section or the other offense is charged in
the alternative. A defendant may be charged with only one count under
this section unless more than one victim is involved in which case a
separate count may be charged for each victim.

 

288.7. (a) Any person 18 years of age or older who engages in
sexual intercourse or sodomy with a child who is 10 years of age or
younger is guilty of a felony and shall be punished by imprisonment
in the state prison for a term of 25 years to life.
(b) Any person 18 years of age or older who engages in oral
copulation or sexual penetration, as defined in Section 289, with a
child who is 10 years of age or younger is guilty of a felony and
shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a term of
15 years to life.
288a. (a) Oral copulation is the act of copulating the mouth of one
person with the sexual organ or anus of another person.
(b) (1) Except as provided in Section 288, any person who
participates in an act of oral copulation with another person who is
under 18 years of age shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison, or in a county jail for a period of not more than one year.
(2) Except as provided in Section 288, any person over 21 years of
age who participates in an act of oral copulation with another
person who is under 16 years of age is guilty of a felony.
(c) (1) Any person who participates in an act of oral copulation
with another person who is under 14 years of age and more than 10
years younger than he or she shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison for three, six, or eight years.
(2) (A) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation when the
act is accomplished against the victim’s will by means of force,
violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily
injury on the victim or another person shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
(B) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation upon a person
who is under 14 years of age, when the act is accomplished against
the victim’s will by means of force, violence, duress, menace, or
fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another
person, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 8,
10, or 12 years.
(C) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation upon a minor
who is 14 years of age or older, when the act is accomplished against
the victim’s will by means of force, violence, duress, menace, or
fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another
person, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for 6,
8, or 10 years.
(D) This paragraph does not preclude prosecution under Section
269, Section 288.7, or any other provision of law.
(3) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation where the act
is accomplished against the victim’s will by threatening to
retaliate in the future against the victim or any other person, and
there is a reasonable possibility that the perpetrator will execute
the threat, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for
three, six, or eight years.
(d) (1) Any person who, while voluntarily acting in concert with
another person, either personally or by aiding and abetting that
other person, commits an act of oral copulation (A) when the act is
accomplished against the victim’s will by means of force or fear of
immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another person,
or (B) where the act is accomplished against the victim’s will by
threatening to retaliate in the future against the victim or any
other person, and there is a reasonable possibility that the
perpetrator will execute the threat, or (C) where the victim is at
the time incapable, because of a mental disorder or developmental or
physical disability, of giving legal consent, and this is known or
reasonably should be known to the person committing the act, shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison for five, seven, or
nine years. Notwithstanding the appointment of a conservator with
respect to the victim pursuant to the provisions of the
Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 5000) of
Division 5 of the Welfare and Institutions Code), the prosecuting
attorney shall prove, as an element of the crime described under
paragraph (3), that a mental disorder or developmental or physical
disability rendered the alleged victim incapable of giving legal
consent.
(2) Any person who, while voluntarily acting in concert with
another person, either personally or aiding and abetting that other
person, commits an act of oral copulation upon a victim who is under
14 years of age, when the act is accomplished against the victim’s
will by means of force or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily
injury on the victim or another person, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for 10, 12, or 14 years.
(3) Any person who, while voluntarily acting in concert with
another person, either personally or aiding and abetting that other
person, commits an act of oral copulation upon a victim who is a
minor 14 years of age or older, when the act is accomplished against
the victim’s will by means of force or fear of immediate and unlawful
bodily injury on the victim or another person, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for 8, 10, or 12 years.
(4) This paragraph does not preclude prosecution under Section
269, Section 288.7, or any other provision of law.
(e) Any person who participates in an act of oral copulation while
confined in any state prison, as defined in Section 4504 or in any
local detention facility as defined in Section 6031.4, shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison, or in a county jail for
a period of not more than one year.
(f) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation, and the
victim is at the time unconscious of the nature of the act and this
is known to the person committing the act, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three, six, or eight
years. As used in this subdivision, “unconscious of the nature of
the act” means incapable of resisting because the victim meets one of
the following conditions:
(1) Was unconscious or asleep.
(2) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant that the act
occurred.
(3) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator’s fraud
in fact.
(4) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator’s
fraudulent representation that the oral copulation served a
professional purpose when it served no professional purpose.
(g) Except as provided in subdivision (h), any person who commits
an act of oral copulation, and the victim is at the time incapable,
because of a mental disorder or developmental or physical disability,
of giving legal consent, and this is known or reasonably should be
known to the person committing the act, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison, for three, six, or eight years.
Notwithstanding the existence of a conservatorship pursuant to the
provisions of the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1 (commencing with
Section 5000) of Division 5 of the Welfare and Institutions Code),
the prosecuting attorney shall prove, as an element of the crime,
that a mental disorder or developmental or physical disability
rendered the alleged victim incapable of giving consent.
(h) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation, and the
victim is at the time incapable, because of a mental disorder or
developmental or physical disability, of giving legal consent, and
this is known or reasonably should be known to the person committing
the act, and both the defendant and the victim are at the time
confined in a state hospital for the care and treatment of the
mentally disordered or in any other public or private facility for
the care and treatment of the mentally disordered approved by a
county mental health director, shall be punished by imprisonment in
the state prison, or in a county jail for a period of not more than
one year. Notwithstanding the existence of a conservatorship pursuant
to the provisions of the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1
(commencing with Section 5000) of Division 5 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code), the prosecuting attorney shall prove, as an
element of the crime, that a mental disorder or developmental or
physical disability rendered the alleged victim incapable of giving
legal consent.
(i) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation, where the
victim is prevented from resisting by any intoxicating or anesthetic
substance, or any controlled substance, and this condition was known,
or reasonably should have been known by the accused, shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three,
six, or eight years.
(j) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation, where the
victim submits under the belief that the person committing the act is
someone known to the victim other than the accused, and this belief
is induced by any artifice, pretense, or concealment practiced by the
accused, with intent to induce the belief, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three, six, or eight
years.
(k) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation, where the
act is accomplished against the victim’s will by threatening to use
the authority of a public official to incarcerate, arrest, or deport
the victim or another, and the victim has a reasonable belief that
the perpetrator is a public official, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three, six, or eight
years.
As used in this subdivision, “public official” means a person
employed by a governmental agency who has the authority, as part of
that position, to incarcerate, arrest, or deport another. The
perpetrator does not actually have to be a public official.
(l) As used in subdivisions (c) and (d), “threatening to retaliate”
means a threat to kidnap or falsely imprison, or to inflict extreme
pain, serious bodily injury, or death.
(m) In addition to any punishment imposed under this section, the
judge may assess a fine not to exceed seventy dollars ($70) against
any person who violates this section, with the proceeds of this fine
to be used in accordance with Section 1463.23. The court shall,
however, take into consideration the defendant’s ability to pay, and
no defendant shall be denied probation because of his or her
inability to pay the fine permitted under this subdivision.

 

289. (a) (1) (A) Any person who commits an act of sexual
penetration when the act is accomplished against the victim’s will by
means of force, violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and
unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another person shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight
years.
(B) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration upon a
child who is under 14 years of age, when the act is accomplished
against the victim’s will by means of force, violence, duress,
menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim
or another person, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for 8, 10, or 12 years.
(C) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration upon a
minor who is 14 years of age or older, when the act is accomplished
against the victim’s will by means of force, violence, duress,
menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim
or another person, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for 6, 8, or 10 years.
(D) This paragraph does not preclude prosecution under Section
269, Section 288.7, or any other provision of law.
(2) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration when the
act is accomplished against the victim’s will by threatening to
retaliate in the future against the victim or any other person, and
there is a reasonable possibility that the perpetrator will execute
the threat, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for
three, six, or eight years.
(b) Except as provided in subdivision (c), any person who commits
an act of sexual penetration, and the victim is at the time
incapable, because of a mental disorder or developmental or physical
disability, of giving legal consent, and this is known or reasonably
should be known to the person committing the act or causing the act
to be committed, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for three, six, or eight years. Notwithstanding the
appointment of a conservator with respect to the victim pursuant to
the provisions of the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1 (commencing
with Section 5000) of Division 5 of the Welfare and Institutions
Code), the prosecuting attorney shall prove, as an element of the
crime, that a mental disorder or developmental or physical disability
rendered the alleged victim incapable of giving legal consent.
(c) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration, and the
victim is at the time incapable, because of a mental disorder or
developmental or physical disability, of giving legal consent, and
this is known or reasonably should be known to the person committing
the act or causing the act to be committed and both the defendant and
the victim are at the time confined in a state hospital for the care
and treatment of the mentally disordered or in any other public or
private facility for the care and treatment of the mentally
disordered approved by a county mental health director, shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison, or in a county jail for
a period of not more than one year. Notwithstanding the existence of
a conservatorship pursuant to the provisions of the
Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 5000) of
Division 5 of the Welfare and Institutions Code), the prosecuting
attorney shall prove, as an element of the crime, that a mental
disorder or developmental or physical disability rendered the alleged
victim incapable of giving legal consent.
(d) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration, and the
victim is at the time unconscious of the nature of the act and this
is known to the person committing the act or causing the act to be
committed, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for
three, six, or eight years. As used in this subdivision, “unconscious
of the nature of the act” means incapable of resisting because the
victim meets one of the following conditions:
(1) Was unconscious or asleep.
(2) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant that the act
occurred.
(3) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator’s fraud
in fact.
(4) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator’s
fraudulent representation that the sexual penetration served a
professional purpose when it served no professional purpose.
(e) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration when the
victim is prevented from resisting by any intoxicating or anesthetic
substance, or any controlled substance, and this condition was known,
or reasonably should have been known by the accused, shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three,
six, or eight years.
(f) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration when the
victim submits under the belief that the person committing the act or
causing the act to be committed is someone known to the victim other
than the accused, and this belief is induced by any artifice,
pretense, or concealment practiced by the accused, with intent to
induce the belief, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for a period of three, six, or eight years.
(g) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration when the
act is accomplished against the victim’s will by threatening to use
the authority of a public official to incarcerate, arrest, or deport
the victim or another, and the victim has a reasonable belief that
the perpetrator is a public official, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three, six, or eight
years.
As used in this subdivision, “public official” means a person
employed by a governmental agency who has the authority, as part of
that position, to incarcerate, arrest, or deport another. The
perpetrator does not actually have to be a public official.
(h) Except as provided in Section 288, any person who participates
in an act of sexual penetration with another person who is under 18
years of age shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison or
in a county jail for a period of not more than one year.
(i) Except as provided in Section 288, any person over 21 years of
age who participates in an act of sexual penetration with another
person who is under 16 years of age shall be guilty of a felony.
(j) Any person who participates in an act of sexual penetration
with another person who is under 14 years of age and who is more than
10 years younger than he or she shall be punished by imprisonment in
the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
(k) As used in this section:
(1) “Sexual penetration” is the act of causing the penetration,
however slight, of the genital or anal opening of any person or
causing another person to so penetrate the defendant’s or another
person’s genital or anal opening for the purpose of sexual arousal,
gratification, or abuse by any foreign object, substance, instrument,
or device, or by any unknown object.
(2) “Foreign object, substance, instrument, or device” shall
include any part of the body, except a sexual organ.
(3) “Unknown object” shall include any foreign object, substance,
instrument, or device, or any part of the body, including a penis,
when it is not known whether penetration was by a penis or by a
foreign object, substance, instrument, or device, or by any other
part of the body.
(l) As used in subdivision (a), “threatening to retaliate” means a
threat to kidnap or falsely imprison, or inflict extreme pain,
serious bodily injury or death.
(m) As used in this section, “victim” includes any person who the
defendant causes to penetrate the genital or anal opening of the
defendant or another person or whose genital or anal opening is
caused to be penetrated by the defendant or another person and who
otherwise qualifies as a victim under the requirements of this
section.
289.5. (a) Every person who flees to this state with the intent to
avoid prosecution for an offense which, if committed or attempted in
this state, would have been punishable as one or more of the offenses
described in subdivision (c) of Section 290, and who has been
charged with that offense under the laws of the jurisdiction from
which the person fled, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(b) Every person who flees to this state with the intent to avoid
custody or confinement imposed for conviction of an offense under the
laws of the jurisdiction from which the person fled, which offense,
if committed or attempted in this state, would have been punishable
as one or more of the offenses described in subdivision (c) of
Section 290, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(c) No person shall be charged and prosecuted for an offense under
this section unless the prosecutor has requested the other
jurisdiction to extradite the person and the other jurisdiction has
refused to do so.
(d) Any person who is convicted of any felony sex offense
described in subdivision (c) of Section 290, that is committed after
fleeing to this state under the circumstances described in
subdivision (a) or (b) of this section, shall, in addition and
consecutive to the punishment for that conviction, receive an
additional term of two years’ imprisonment.

289.6. (a) (1) An employee or officer of a public entity health
facility, or an employee, officer, or agent of a private person or
entity that provides a health facility or staff for a health facility
under contract with a public entity, who engages in sexual activity
with a consenting adult who is confined in a health facility is
guilty of a public offense. As used in this paragraph, “health
facility” means a health facility as defined in subdivisions (b),
(e), (g), (h), and (j) of, and subparagraph (C) of paragraph (2) of
subdivision (i) of, Section 1250 of the Health and Safety Code, in
which the victim has been confined involuntarily.
(2) An employee or officer of a public entity detention facility,
or an employee, officer, agent of a private person or entity that
provides a detention facility or staff for a detention facility, a
person or agent of a public or private entity under contract with a
detention facility, a volunteer of a private or public entity
detention facility, or a peace officer who engages in sexual activity
with a consenting adult who is confined in a detention facility is
guilty of a public offense.
(3) An employee with a department, board, or authority under the
Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation or a facility under
contract with a department, board, or authority under the Department
of Corrections and Rehabilitation, who, during the course of his or
her employment directly provides treatment, care, control, or
supervision of inmates, wards, or parolees, and who engages in sexual
activity with a consenting adult who is an inmate, ward, or parolee,
is guilty of a public offense.
(b) As used in this section, the term “public entity” means the
state, federal government, a city, a county, a city and county, a
joint county jail district, or any entity created as a result of a
joint powers agreement between two or more public entities.
(c) As used in this section, the term “detention facility” means:
(1) A prison, jail, camp, or other correctional facility used for
the confinement of adults or both adults and minors.
(2) A building or facility used for the confinement of adults or
adults and minors pursuant to a contract with a public entity.
(3) A room that is used for holding persons for interviews,
interrogations, or investigations and that is separate from a jail or
located in the administrative area of a law enforcement facility.
(4) A vehicle used to transport confined persons during their
period of confinement, including transporting a person after he or
she has been arrested but has not been booked.
(5) A court holding facility located within or adjacent to a court
building that is used for the confinement of persons for the purpose
of court appearances.
(d) As used in this section, “sexual activity” means:
(1) Sexual intercourse.
(2) Sodomy, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 286.
(3) Oral copulation, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section
288a.
(4) Sexual penetration, as defined in subdivision (k) of Section
289.
(5) The rubbing or touching of the breasts or sexual organs of
another, or of oneself in the presence of and with knowledge of
another, with the intent of arousing, appealing to, or gratifying the
lust, passions, or sexual desires of oneself or another.
(e) Consent by a confined person or parolee to sexual activity
proscribed by this section is not a defense to a criminal prosecution
for violation of this section.
(f) This section does not apply to sexual activity between
consenting adults that occurs during an overnight conjugal visit that
takes place pursuant to a court order or with the written approval
of an authorized representative of the public entity that operates or
contracts for the operation of the detention facility where the
conjugal visit takes place, to physical contact or penetration made
pursuant to a lawful search, or bona fide medical examinations or
treatments, including clinical treatments.
(g) Any violation of paragraph (1) of subdivision (a), or a
violation of paragraph (2) or (3) of subdivision (a) as described in
paragraph (5) of subdivision (d), is a misdemeanor.
(h) Any violation of paragraph (2) or (3) of subdivision (a), as
described in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subdivision (d),
shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one
year, or in the state prison, or by a fine of not more than ten
thousand dollars ($10,000) or by both that fine and imprisonment.
(i) Any person previously convicted of a violation of this section
shall, upon a subsequent violation, be guilty of a felony.
(j) Anyone who is convicted of a felony violation of this section
who is employed by a department, board, or authority within the
Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall be terminated in
accordance with the State Civil Service Act (Part 2 (commencing with
Section 18500) of Division 5 of Title 2 of the Government Code).
Anyone who has been convicted of a felony violation of this section
shall not be eligible to be hired or reinstated by a department,
board, or authority within the Youth and Adult Correctional Agency.

CHAPTER 5.5. SEX OFFENDERS

PENAL CODE
SECTION 290-294

290. (a) Sections 290 to 290.024, inclusive, shall be known and may

be cited as the Sex Offender Registration Act. All references to
“the Act” in those sections are to the Sex Offender Registration Act.
(b) Every person described in subdivision (c), for the rest of his
or her life while residing in California, or while attending school
or working in California, as described in Sections 290.002 and
290.01, shall be required to register with the chief of police of the
city in which he or she is residing, or the sheriff of the county if
he or she is residing in an unincorporated area or city that has no
police department, and, additionally, with the chief of police of a
campus of the University of California, the California State
University, or community college if he or she is residing upon the
campus or in any of its facilities, within five working days of
coming into, or changing his or her residence within, any city,
county, or city and county, or campus in which he or she temporarily
resides, and shall be required to register thereafter in accordance
with the Act.
(c) The following persons shall be required to register:
Any person who, since July 1, 1944, has been or is hereafter
convicted in any court in this state or in any federal or military
court of a violation of Section 187 committed in the perpetration, or
an attempt to perpetrate, rape or any act punishable under Section
286, 288, 288a, or 289, Section 207 or 209 committed with intent to
violate Section 261, 286, 288, 288a, or 289, Section 220, except
assault to commit mayhem, subdivision (b) and (c) of Section 236.1,
Section 243.4, paragraph (1), (2), (3), (4), or (6) of subdivision
(a) of Section 261, paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 262
involving the use of force or violence for which the person is
sentenced to the state prison, Section 264.1, 266, or 266c,
subdivision (b) of Section 266h, subdivision (b) of Section 266i,
Section 266j, 267, 269, 285, 286, 288, 288a, 288.3, 288.4, 288.5,
288.7, 289, or 311.1, subdivision (b), (c), or (d) of Section 311.2,
Section 311.3, 311.4, 311.10, 311.11, or 647.6, former Section 647a,
subdivision (c) of Section 653f, subdivision 1 or 2 of Section 314,
any offense involving lewd or lascivious conduct under Section 272,
or any felony violation of Section 288.2; any statutory predecessor
that includes all elements of one of the above-mentioned offenses; or
any person who since that date has been or is hereafter convicted of
the attempt or conspiracy to commit any of the above-mentioned
offenses.

 

290.001. Every person who has ever been adjudicated a sexually
violent predator, as defined in Section 6600 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code, shall register in accordance with the Act.

 

290.002. Persons required to register in their state of residence
who are out-of-state residents employed, or carrying on a vocation in
California on a full-time or part-time basis, with or without
compensation, for more than 14 days, or for an aggregate period
exceeding 30 days in a calendar year, shall register in accordance
with the Act. Persons described in the Act who are out-of-state
residents enrolled in any educational institution in California, as
defined in Section 22129 of the Education Code, on a full-time or
part-time basis, shall register in accordance with the Act. The place
where the out-of-state resident is located, for purposes of
registration, shall be the place where the person is employed,
carrying on a vocation, or attending school. The out-of-state
resident subject to this section shall, in addition to the
information required pursuant to Section 290.015, provide the
registering authority with the name of his or her place of employment
or the name of the school attended in California, and his or her
address or location in his or her state of residence. The
registration requirement for persons subject to this section shall
become operative on November 25, 2000. The terms “employed or carries
on a vocation” include employment whether or not financially
compensated, volunteered, or performed for government or educational
benefit.

290.003. Any person who, since July 1, 1944, has been or hereafter
is released, discharged, or paroled from a penal institution where he
or she was confined because of the commission or attempted
commission of one of the offenses described in subdivision (c) of
Section 290, shall register in accordance with the Act.

 

290.004. Any person who, since July 1, 1944, has been or hereafter
is determined to be a mentally disordered sex offender under Article
1 (commencing with Section 6300) of Chapter 2 of Part 2 of Division 6
of the Welfare and Institutions Code, or any person who has been
found guilty in the guilt phase of a trial for an offense for which
registration is required by this section but who has been found not
guilty by reason of insanity in the sanity phase of the trial shall
register in accordance with the Act.

 

290.005. The following persons shall register in accordance with
the Act:
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (c) or (d), any person who,
since July 1, 1944, has been, or is hereafter convicted in any other
court, including any state, federal, or military court, of any
offense that, if committed or attempted in this state, based on the
elements of the convicted offense or facts admitted by the person or
found true by the trier of fact or stipulated facts in the record of
military proceedings, would have been punishable as one or more of
the offenses described in subdivision (c) of Section 290, including
offenses in which the person was a principal, as defined in Section
31.
(b) Any person ordered by any other court, including any state,
federal, or military court, to register as a sex offender for any
offense, if the court found at the time of conviction or sentencing
that the person committed the offense as a result of sexual
compulsion or for purposes of sexual gratification.
(c) Except as provided in subdivision (d), any person who would be
required to register while residing in the state of conviction for a
sex offense committed in that state.
(d) Notwithstanding any other law, a person convicted in another
state of an offense similar to one of the following offenses who is
required to register in the state of conviction shall not be required
to register in California unless the out-of-state offense, based on
the elements of the conviction offense or proven or stipulated facts
in the record of conviction, contains all of the elements of a
registerable California offense described in subdivision (c) of
Section 290:
(1) Indecent exposure, pursuant to Section 314.
(2) Unlawful sexual intercourse, pursuant to Section 261.5.
(3) Incest, pursuant to Section 285.
(4) Sodomy, pursuant to Section 286, or oral copulation, pursuant
to Section 288a, provided that the offender notifies the Department
of Justice that the sodomy or oral copulation conviction was for
conduct between consenting adults, as described in Section 290.019,
and the department is able, upon the exercise of reasonable
diligence, to verify that fact.
(5) Pimping, pursuant to Section 266h, or pandering, pursuant to
Section 266i.

290.006. Any person ordered by any court to register pursuant to
the Act for any offense not included specifically in subdivision (c)
of Section 290, shall so register, if the court finds at the time of
conviction or sentencing that the person committed the offense as a
result of sexual compulsion or for purposes of sexual gratification.
The court shall state on the record the reasons for its findings and
the reasons for requiring registration.

290.007. Any person required to register pursuant to any provision
of the Act shall register in accordance with the Act, regardless of
whether the person’s conviction has been dismissed pursuant to
Section 1203.4, unless the person obtains a certificate of
rehabilitation and is entitled to relief from registration pursuant
to Section 290.5.

290.008. (a) Any person who, on or after January 1, 1986, is
discharged or paroled from the Department of Corrections and
Rehabilitation to the custody of which he or she was committed after
having been adjudicated a ward of the juvenile court pursuant to
Section 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code because of the
commission or attempted commission of any offense described in
subdivision (c) shall register in accordance with the Act.
(b) Any person who is discharged or paroled from a facility in
another state that is equivalent to the Division of Juvenile Justice,
to the custody of which he or she was committed because of an
offense which, if committed or attempted in this state, would have
been punishable as one or more of the offenses described in
subdivision (c) shall register in accordance with the Act.
(c) Any person described in this section who committed an offense
in violation of any of the following provisions shall be required to
register pursuant to the Act:
(1) Assault with intent to commit rape, sodomy, oral copulation,
or any violation of Section 264.1, 288, or 289 under Section 220.
(2) Any offense defined in paragraph (1), (2), (3), (4), or (6) of
subdivision (a) of Section 261, Section 264.1, 266c, or 267,
paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of, or subdivision (c) or (d) of,
Section 286, Section 288 or 288.5, paragraph (1) of subdivision (b)
of, or subdivision (c) or (d) of, Section 288a, subdivision (a) of
Section 289, or Section 647.6.
(3) A violation of Section 207 or 209 committed with the intent to
violate Section 261, 286, 288, 288a, or 289.
(d) Prior to discharge or parole from the Department of
Corrections and Rehabilitation, any person who is subject to
registration under this section shall be informed of the duty to
register under the procedures set forth in the Act. Department
officials shall transmit the required forms and information to the
Department of Justice.
(e) All records specifically relating to the registration in the
custody of the Department of Justice, law enforcement agencies, and
other agencies or public officials shall be destroyed when the person
who is required to register has his or her records sealed under the
procedures set forth in Section 781 of the Welfare and Institutions
Code. This section shall not be construed as requiring the
destruction of other criminal offender or juvenile records relating
to the case that are maintained by the Department of Justice, law
enforcement agencies, the juvenile court, or other agencies and
public officials unless ordered by a court under Section 781 of the
Welfare and Institutions Code.

290.009. Any person required to register under the Act who is
enrolled as a student or is an employee or carries on a vocation,
with or without compensation, at an institution of higher learning in
this state, shall register pursuant to the provisions of the Act.
290.010. If the person who is registering has more than one
residence address at which he or she regularly resides, he or she
shall register in accordance with the Act in each of the
jurisdictions in which he or she regularly resides, regardless of the
number of days or nights spent there. If all of the addresses are
within the same jurisdiction, the person shall provide the
registering authority with all of the addresses where he or she
regularly resides.
290.011. Every person who is required to register pursuant to the
act who is living as a transient shall be required to register for
the rest of his or her life as follows:
(a) He or she shall register, or reregister if the person has
previously registered, within five working days from release from
incarceration, placement or commitment, or release on probation,
pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 290, except that if the person
previously registered as a transient less than 30 days from the date
of his or her release from incarceration, he or she does not need to
reregister as a transient until his or her next required 30-day
update of registration. If a transient convicted in another
jurisdiction enters the state, he or she shall register within five
working days of coming into California with the chief of police of
the city in which he or she is present or the sheriff of the county
if he or she is present in an unincorporated area or city that has no
police department. If a transient is not physically present in any
one jurisdiction for five consecutive working days, he or she shall
register in the jurisdiction in which he or she is physically present
on the fifth working day following release, pursuant to subdivision
(b) of Section 290. Beginning on or before the 30th day following
initial registration upon release, a transient shall reregister no
less than once every 30 days thereafter. A transient shall register
with the chief of police of the city in which he or she is physically
present within that 30-day period, or the sheriff of the county if
he or she is physically present in an unincorporated area or city
that has no police department, and additionally, with the chief of
police of a campus of the University of California, the California
State University, or community college if he or she is physically
present upon the campus or in any of its facilities. A transient
shall reregister no less than once every 30 days regardless of the
length of time he or she has been physically present in the
particular jurisdiction in which he or she reregisters. If a
transient fails to reregister within any 30-day period, he or she may
be prosecuted in any jurisdiction in which he or she is physically
present.
(b) A transient who moves to a residence shall have five working
days within which to register at that address, in accordance with
subdivision (b) of Section 290. A person registered at a residence
address in accordance with that provision who becomes transient shall
have five working days within which to reregister as a transient in
accordance with subdivision (a).
(c) Beginning on his or her first birthday following registration,
a transient shall register annually, within five working days of his
or her birthday, to update his or her registration with the entities
described in subdivision (a). A transient shall register in
whichever jurisdiction he or she is physically present on that date.
At the 30-day updates and the annual update, a transient shall
provide current information as required on the Department of Justice
annual update form, including the information described in paragraphs
(1) to (3), inclusive, of subdivision (a) of Section 290.015, and
the information specified in subdivision (d).
(d) A transient shall, upon registration and reregistration,
provide current information as required on the Department of Justice
registration forms, and shall also list the places where he or she
sleeps, eats, works, frequents, and engages in leisure activities. If
a transient changes or adds to the places listed on the form during
the 30-day period, he or she does not need to report the new place or
places until the next required reregistration.
(e) Failure to comply with the requirement of reregistering every
30 days following initial registration pursuant to subdivision (a)
shall be punished in accordance with subdivision (g) of Section
290.018. Failure to comply with any other requirement of this section
shall be punished in accordance with either subdivision (a) or (b)
of Section 290.018.
(f) A transient who moves out of state shall inform, in person,
the chief of police in the city in which he or she is physically
present, or the sheriff of the county if he or she is physically
present in an unincorporated area or city that has no police
department, within five working days, of his or her move out of
state. The transient shall inform that registering agency of his or
her planned destination, residence or transient location out of
state, and any plans he or she has to return to California, if known.
The law enforcement agency shall, within three days after receipt of
this information, forward a copy of the change of location
information to the Department of Justice. The department shall
forward appropriate registration data to the law enforcement agency
having local jurisdiction of the new place of residence or location.
(g) For purposes of the act, “transient” means a person who has no
residence. “Residence” means one or more addresses at which a person
regularly resides, regardless of the number of days or nights spent
there, such as a shelter or structure that can be located by a street
address, including, but not limited to, houses, apartment buildings,
motels, hotels, homeless shelters, and recreational and other
vehicles.
(h) The transient registrant’s duty to update his or her
registration no less than every 30 days shall begin with his or her
second transient update following the date this section became
effective.

290.012. (a) Beginning on his or her first birthday following
registration or change of address, the person shall be required to
register annually, within five working days of his or her birthday,
to update his or her registration with the entities described in
subdivision (b) of Section 290. At the annual update, the person
shall provide current information as required on the Department of
Justice annual update form, including the information described in
paragraphs (1) to (5), inclusive of subdivision (a) of Section
290.015. The registering agency shall give the registrant a copy of
the registration requirements from the Department of Justice form.
(b) In addition, every person who has ever been adjudicated a
sexually violent predator, as defined in Section 6600 of the Welfare
and Institutions Code, shall, after his or her release from custody,
verify his or her address no less than once every 90 days and place
of employment, including the name and address of the employer, in a
manner established by the Department of Justice. Every person who, as
a sexually violent predator, is required to verify his or her
registration every 90 days, shall be notified wherever he or she next
registers of his or her increased registration obligations. This
notice shall be provided in writing by the registering agency or
agencies. Failure to receive this notice shall be a defense to the
penalties prescribed in subdivision (f) of Section 290.018.
(c) In addition, every person subject to the Act, while living as
a transient in California, shall update his or her registration at
least every 30 days, in accordance with Section 290.011.
(d) No entity shall require a person to pay a fee to register or
update his or her registration pursuant to this section. The
registering agency shall submit registrations, including annual
updates or changes of address, directly into the Department of
Justice Violent Crime Information Network (VCIN).

 

290.013. (a) Any person who was last registered at a residence
address pursuant to the Act who changes his or her residence address,
whether within the jurisdiction in which he or she is currently
registered or to a new jurisdiction inside or outside the state,
shall, in person, within five working days of the move, inform the
law enforcement agency or agencies with which he or she last
registered of the move, the new address or transient location, if
known, and any plans he or she has to return to California.
(b) If the person does not know the new residence address or
location at the time of the move, the registrant shall, in person,
within five working days of the move, inform the last registering
agency or agencies that he or she is moving. The person shall later
notify the last registering agency or agencies, in writing, sent by
certified or registered mail, of the new address or location within
five working days of moving into the new residence address or
location, whether temporary or permanent.
(c) The law enforcement agency or agencies shall, within three
working days after receipt of this information, forward a copy of the
change of address information to the Department of Justice. The
Department of Justice shall forward appropriate registration data to
the law enforcement agency or agencies having local jurisdiction of
the new place of residence.
(d) If the person’s new address is in a Department of Corrections
and Rehabilitation facility or state mental institution, an official
of the place of incarceration, placement, or commitment shall, within
90 days of receipt of the person, forward the registrant’s change of
address information to the Department of Justice. The agency need
not provide a physical address for the registrant but shall indicate
that he or she is serving a period of incarceration or commitment in
a facility under the agency’s jurisdiction. This subdivision shall
apply to persons received in a department facility or state mental
institution on or after January 1, 1999. The Department of Justice
shall forward the change of address information to the agency with
which the person last registered.

290.014. (a) If any person who is required to register pursuant to
the Act changes his or her name, the person shall inform, in person,
the law enforcement agency or agencies with which he or she is
currently registered within five working days. The law enforcement
agency or agencies shall forward a copy of this information to the
Department of Justice within three working days of its receipt.
(b) If any person who is required to register pursuant to the Act
adds or changes his or her account with an Internet service provider
or adds or changes an Internet identifier, the person shall send
written notice of the addition or change to the law enforcement
agency or agencies with which he or she is currently registered
within 24 hours. The law enforcement agency or agencies shall make
this information available to the Department of Justice. Each person
to whom this subdivision applies at the time this subdivision becomes
effective shall immediately provide the information required by this
subdivision.
290.015. (a) A person who is subject to the Act shall register, or
reregister if he or she has previously registered, upon release from
incarceration, placement, commitment, or release on probation
pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 290. This section shall not
apply to a person who is incarcerated for less than 30 days if he or
she has registered as required by the Act, he or she returns after
incarceration to the last registered address, and the annual update
of registration that is required to occur within five working days of
his or her birthday, pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 290.012,
did not fall within that incarceration period. The registration
shall consist of all of the following:
(1) A statement in writing signed by the person, giving
information as shall be required by the Department of Justice and
giving the name and address of the person’s employer, and the address
of the person’s place of employment if that is different from the
employer’s main address.
(2) The fingerprints and a current photograph of the person taken
by the registering official.
(3) The license plate number of any vehicle owned by, regularly
driven by, or registered in the name of the person.
(4) A list of any and all Internet identifiers established or used
by the person.
(5) A list of any and all Internet service providers used by the
person.
(6) A statement in writing, signed by the person, acknowledging
that the person is required to register and update the information in
paragraphs (4) and (5), as required by this chapter.
(7) Notice to the person that, in addition to the requirements of
the Act, he or she may have a duty to register in any other state
where he or she may relocate.
(8) Copies of adequate proof of residence, which shall be limited
to a California driver’s license, California identification card,
recent rent or utility receipt, printed personalized checks or other
recent banking documents showing that person’s name and address, or
any other information that the registering official believes is
reliable. If the person has no residence and no reasonable
expectation of obtaining a residence in the foreseeable future, the
person shall so advise the registering official and shall sign a
statement provided by the registering official stating that fact.
Upon presentation of proof of residence to the registering official
or a signed statement that the person has no residence, the person
shall be allowed to register. If the person claims that he or she has
a residence but does not have any proof of residence, he or she
shall be allowed to register but shall furnish proof of residence
within 30 days of the date he or she is allowed to register.
(b) Within three days thereafter, the registering law enforcement
agency or agencies shall forward the statement, fingerprints,
photograph, and vehicle license plate number, if any, to the
Department of Justice.
(c) (1) If a person fails to register in accordance with
subdivision (a) after release, the district attorney in the
jurisdiction where the person was to be paroled or to be on probation
may request that a warrant be issued for the person’s arrest and
shall have the authority to prosecute that person pursuant to Section
290.018.
(2) If the person was not on parole or probation at the time of
release, the district attorney in the following applicable
jurisdiction shall have the authority to prosecute that person
pursuant to Section 290.018:
(A) If the person was previously registered, in the jurisdiction
in which the person last registered.
(B) If there is no prior registration, but the person indicated on
the Department of Justice notice of sex offender registration
requirement form where he or she expected to reside, in the
jurisdiction where he or she expected to reside.
(C) If neither subparagraph (A) nor (B) applies, in the
jurisdiction where the offense subjecting the person to registration
pursuant to this Act was committed.
290.015. (a) A person who is subject to the Act shall register, or
reregister if he or she has previously registered, upon release from
incarceration, placement, commitment, or release on probation
pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 290. This section shall not
apply to a person who is incarcerated for less than 30 days if he or
she has registered as required by the Act, he or she returns after
incarceration to the last registered address, and the annual update
of registration that is required to occur within five working days of
his or her birthday, pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 290.012,
did not fall within that incarceration period. The registration
shall consist of all of the following:
(1) A statement in writing signed by the person, giving
information as shall be required by the Department of Justice and
giving the name and address of the person’s employer, and the address
of the person’s place of employment if that is different from the
employer’s main address.
(2) The fingerprints and a current photograph of the person taken
by the registering official.
(3) The license plate number of any vehicle owned by, regularly
driven by, or registered in the name of the person.
(4) Notice to the person that, in addition to the requirements of
the Act, he or she may have a duty to register in any other state
where he or she may relocate.
(5) Copies of adequate proof of residence, which shall be limited
to a California driver’s license, California identification card,
recent rent or utility receipt, printed personalized checks or other
recent banking documents showing that person’s name and address, or
any other information that the registering official believes is
reliable. If the person has no residence and no reasonable
expectation of obtaining a residence in the foreseeable future, the
person shall so advise the registering official and shall sign a
statement provided by the registering official stating that fact.
Upon presentation of proof of residence to the registering official
or a signed statement that the person has no residence, the person
shall be allowed to register. If the person claims that he or she has
a residence but does not have any proof of residence, he or she
shall be allowed to register but shall furnish proof of residence
within 30 days of the date he or she is allowed to register.
(b) Within three days thereafter, the registering law enforcement
agency or agencies shall forward the statement, fingerprints,
photograph, and vehicle license plate number, if any, to the
Department of Justice.
(c) (1) If a person fails to register in accordance with
subdivision (a) after release, the district attorney in the
jurisdiction where the person was to be paroled or to be on probation
may request that a warrant be issued for the person’s arrest and
shall have the authority to prosecute that person pursuant to Section
290.018.
(2) If the person was not on parole or probation or on postrelease
community supervision or mandatory supervision at the time of
release, the district attorney in the following applicable
jurisdiction shall have the authority to prosecute that person
pursuant to Section 290.018:
(A) If the person was previously registered, in the jurisdiction
in which the person last registered.
(B) If there is no prior registration, but the person indicated on
the Department of Justice notice of sex offender registration
requirement form where he or she expected to reside, in the
jurisdiction where he or she expected to reside.
(C) If neither subparagraph (A) nor (B) applies, in the
jurisdiction where the offense subjecting the person to registration
pursuant to this Act was committed.

290.016. (a) On or after January 1, 1998, upon incarceration,
placement, or commitment, or prior to release on probation, any
person who is required to register under the Act shall preregister.
The preregistering official shall be the admitting officer at the
place of incarceration, placement, or commitment, or the probation
officer if the person is to be released on probation. The
preregistration shall consist of all of the following:
(1) A preregistration statement in writing, signed by the person,
giving information that shall be required by the Department of
Justice.
(2) The fingerprints and a current photograph of the person.
(3) Any person who is preregistered pursuant to this subdivision
is required to be preregistered only once.
(b) Within three days thereafter, the preregistering official
shall forward the statement, fingerprints, photograph, and vehicle
license plate number, if any, to the Department of Justice.

290.017. (a) Any person who is released, discharged, or paroled
from a jail, state or federal prison, school, road camp, or other
institution where he or she was confined, who is required to register
pursuant to the Act, shall, prior to discharge, parole, or release,
be informed of his or her duty to register under the Act by the
official in charge of the place of confinement or hospital, and the
official shall require the person to read and sign any form that may
be required by the Department of Justice, stating that the duty of
the person to register under the Act has been explained to the
person. The official in charge of the place of confinement or
hospital shall obtain the address where the person expects to reside
upon his or her discharge, parole, or release and shall report the
address to the Department of Justice. The official shall at the same
time forward a current photograph of the person to the Department of
Justice.
(b) The official in charge of the place of confinement or hospital
shall give one copy of the form to the person and shall send one
copy to the Department of Justice and one copy to the appropriate law
enforcement agency or agencies having jurisdiction over the place
the person expects to reside upon discharge, parole, or release. If
the conviction that makes the person subject to the Act is a felony
conviction, the official in charge shall, not later than 45 days
prior to the scheduled release of the person, send one copy to the
appropriate law enforcement agency or agencies having local
jurisdiction where the person expects to reside upon discharge,
parole, or release; one copy to the prosecuting agency that
prosecuted the person; and one copy to the Department of Justice. The
official in charge of the place of confinement or hospital shall
retain one copy.
(c) Any person who is required to register pursuant to the Act
and who is released on probation, shall, prior to release or
discharge, be informed of the duty to register under the Act by the
probation department, and a probation officer shall require the
person to read and sign any form that may be required by the
Department of Justice, stating that the duty of the person to
register has been explained to him or her. The probation officer
shall obtain the address where the person expects to reside upon
release or discharge and shall report within three days the address
to the Department of Justice. The probation officer shall give one
copy of the form to the person, send one copy to the Department of
Justice, and forward one copy to the appropriate law enforcement
agency or agencies having local jurisdiction where the person expects
to reside upon his or her discharge, parole, or release.
(d) Any person who is required to register pursuant to the Act and
who is granted conditional release without supervised probation, or
discharged upon payment of a fine, shall, prior to release or
discharge, be informed of the duty to register under the Act in open
court by the court in which the person has been convicted, and the
court shall require the person to read and sign any form that may be
required by the Department of Justice, stating that the duty of the
person to register has been explained to him or her. If the court
finds that it is in the interest of the efficiency of the court, the
court may assign the bailiff to require the person to read and sign
forms under the Act. The court shall obtain the address where the
person expects to reside upon release or discharge and shall report
within three days the address to the Department of Justice. The court
shall give one copy of the form to the person, send one copy to the
Department of Justice, and forward one copy to the appropriate law
enforcement agency or agencies having local jurisdiction where the
person expects to reside upon his or her discharge, parole, or
release.
290.018. (a) Any person who is required to register under the Act
based on a misdemeanor conviction or juvenile adjudication who
willfully violates any requirement of the act is guilty of a
misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding
one year.
(b) Except as provided in subdivisions (f), (h), and (j), any
person who is required to register under the act based on a felony
conviction or juvenile adjudication who willfully violates any
requirement of the act or who has a prior conviction or juvenile
adjudication for the offense of failing to register under the act and
who subsequently and willfully violates any requirement of the act
is guilty of a felony and shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison for 16 months, or two or three years.
(c) If probation is granted or if the imposition or execution of
sentence is suspended, it shall be a condition of the probation or
suspension that the person serve at least 90 days in a county jail.
The penalty described in subdivision (b) or this subdivision shall
apply whether or not the person has been released on parole or has
been discharged from parole.
(d) Any person determined to be a mentally disordered sex offender
or who has been found guilty in the guilt phase of trial for an
offense for which registration is required under the act, but who has
been found not guilty by reason of insanity in the sanity phase of
the trial, or who has had a petition sustained in a juvenile
adjudication for an offense for which registration is required
pursuant to Section 290.008, but who has been found not guilty by
reason of insanity, who willfully violates any requirement of the act
is guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by imprisonment in
a county jail not exceeding one year. For any second or subsequent
willful violation of any requirement of the act, the person is guilty
of a felony and shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for 16 months, or two or three years.
(e) If, after discharge from parole, the person is convicted of a
felony or suffers a juvenile adjudication as specified in this act,
he or she shall be required to complete parole of at least one year,
in addition to any other punishment imposed under this section. A
person convicted of a felony as specified in this section may be
granted probation only in the unusual case where the interests of
justice would best be served. When probation is granted under this
act, the court shall specify on the record and shall enter into the
minutes the circumstances indicating that the interests of justice
would best be served by the disposition.
(f) Any person who has ever been adjudicated a sexually violent
predator, as defined in Section 6600 of the Welfare and Institutions
Code, and who fails to verify his or her registration every 90 days
as required pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 290.012, shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison or in a county jail not
exceeding one year.
(g) Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (f), any person
who is required to register or reregister pursuant to Section 290.011
and willfully fails to comply with the requirement that he or she
reregister no less than every 30 days is guilty of a misdemeanor and
shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail for at least 30
days, but not exceeding six months. A person who willfully fails to
comply with the requirement that he or she reregister no less than
every 30 days shall not be charged with this violation more often
than once for a failure to register in any period of 90 days. Any
person who willfully commits a third or subsequent violation of the
requirements of Section 290.011 that he or she reregister no less
than every 30 days shall be punished in accordance with either
subdivision (a) or (b).
(h) Any person who fails to provide proof of residence as required
by paragraph (5) of subdivision (a) of Section 290.015, regardless
of the offense upon which the duty to register is based, is guilty of
a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not
exceeding six months.
(i) Any person who is required to register under the act who
willfully violates any requirement of the act is guilty of a
continuing offense as to each requirement he or she violated.
(j) In addition to any other penalty imposed under this section,
the failure to provide information required on registration and
reregistration forms of the Department of Justice, or the provision
of false information, is a crime punishable by imprisonment in a
county jail for a period not exceeding one year. Nothing in this
subdivision shall be construed to limit or prevent prosecution under
any applicable provision of law.
(k) Whenever any person is released on parole or probation and is
required to register under the act but fails to do so within the time
prescribed, the parole authority or the court, as the case may be,
shall order the parole or probation of the person revoked. For
purposes of this subdivision, “parole authority” has the same meaning
as described in Section 3000.
290.019. (a) Notwithstanding any other section in the Act, a person
who was convicted before January 1, 1976, under subdivision (a) of
Section 286, or Section 288a, shall not be required to register
pursuant to the Act for that conviction if the conviction was for
conduct between consenting adults that was decriminalized by Chapter
71 of the Statutes of 1975 or Chapter 1139 of the Statutes of 1976.
The Department of Justice shall remove that person from the Sex
Offender Registry, and the person is discharged from his or her duty
to register pursuant to either of the following procedures:
(1) The person submits to the Department of Justice official
documentary evidence, including court records or police reports, that
demonstrate that the person’s conviction pursuant to either of those
sections was for conduct between consenting adults that was
decriminalized.
(2) The person submits to the department a declaration stating
that the person’s conviction pursuant to either of those sections was
for consensual conduct between adults that has been decriminalized.
The declaration shall be confidential and not a public record, and
shall include the person’s name, address, telephone number, date of
birth, and a summary of the circumstances leading to the conviction,
including the date of the conviction and county of the occurrence.
(b) The department shall determine whether the person’s conviction
was for conduct between consensual adults that has been
decriminalized. If the conviction was for consensual conduct between
adults that has been decriminalized, and the person has no other
offenses for which he or she is required to register pursuant to the
Act, the department shall, within 60 days of receipt of those
documents, notify the person that he or she is relieved of the duty
to register, and shall notify the local law enforcement agency with
which the person is registered that he or she has been relieved of
the duty to register. The local law enforcement agency shall remove
the person’s registration from its files within 30 days of receipt of
notification. If the documentary or other evidence submitted is
insufficient to establish the person’s claim, the department shall,
within 60 days of receipt of those documents, notify the person that
his or her claim cannot be established, and that the person shall
continue to register pursuant to the Act. The department shall
provide, upon the person’s request, any information relied upon by
the department in making its determination that the person shall
continue to register pursuant to the Act. Any person whose claim has
been denied by the department pursuant to this subdivision may
petition the court to appeal the department’s denial of the person’s
claim.

 

290.020. In any case in which a person who would be required to
register pursuant to the Act for a felony conviction is to be
temporarily sent outside the institution where he or she is confined
on any assignment within a city or county including firefighting,
disaster control, or of whatever nature the assignment may be, the
local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction over the place or
places where the assignment shall occur shall be notified within a
reasonable time prior to removal from the institution. This section
shall not apply to any person who is temporarily released under guard
from the institution where he or she is confined.
290.021. Except as otherwise provided by law, the statements,
photographs, and fingerprints required by the Act shall not be open
to inspection by the public or by any person other than a regularly
employed peace officer or other law enforcement officer.
290.022. On or before July 1, 2010, the Department of Justice shall
renovate the VCIN to do the following:
(1) Correct all software deficiencies affecting data integrity and
include designated data fields for all mandated sex offender data.
(2) Consolidate and simplify program logic, thereby increasing
system performance and reducing system maintenance costs.
(3) Provide all necessary data storage, processing, and search
capabilities.
(4) Provide law enforcement agencies with full Internet access to
all sex offender data and photos.
(5) Incorporate a flexible design structure to readily meet future
demands for enhanced system functionality, including public Internet
access to sex offender information pursuant to Section 290.46.

 

290.023. The registration provisions of the Act are applicable to
every person described in the Act, without regard to when his or her
crime or crimes were committed or his or her duty to register
pursuant to the Act arose, and to every offense described in the Act,
regardless of when it was committed.

 

290.024. For purposes of this chapter, the following terms apply:
(a) “Internet service provider” means a business, organization, or
other entity providing a computer and communications facility
directly to consumers through which a person may obtain access to the
Internet. An Internet service provider does not include a business,
organization, or other entity that provides only telecommunications
services, cable services, or video services, or any system operated
or services offered by a library or educational institution.
(b) “Internet identifier” means an electronic mail address, user
name, screen name, or similar identifier used for the purpose of
Internet forum discussions, Internet chat room discussions, instant
messaging, social networking, or similar Internet communication.
290.01. (a) (1) Commencing October 28, 2002, every person required
to register pursuant to Sections 290 to 290.009, inclusive, of the
Sex Offender Registration Act who is enrolled as a student of any
university, college, community college, or other institution of
higher learning, or is, with or without compensation, a full-time or
part-time employee of that university, college, community college, or
other institution of higher learning, or is carrying on a vocation
at the university, college, community college, or other institution
of higher learning, for more than 14 days, or for an aggregate period
exceeding 30 days in a calendar year, shall, in addition to the
registration required by the Sex Offender Registration Act, register
with the campus police department within five working days of
commencing enrollment or employment at that university, college,
community college, or other institution of higher learning, on a form
as may be required by the Department of Justice. The terms “employed
or carries on a vocation” include employment whether or not
financially compensated, volunteered, or performed for government or
educational benefit. The registrant shall also notify the campus
police department within five working days of ceasing to be enrolled
or employed, or ceasing to carry on a vocation, at the university,
college, community college, or other institution of higher learning.
(2) For purposes of this section, a campus police department is a
police department of the University of California, California State
University, or California Community College, established pursuant to
Section 72330, 89560, or 92600 of the Education Code, or is a police
department staffed with deputized or appointed personnel with peace
officer status as provided in Section 830.6 of the Penal Code and is
the law enforcement agency with the primary responsibility for
investigating crimes occurring on the college or university campus on
which it is located.
(b) If the university, college, community college, or other
institution of higher learning has no campus police department, the
registrant shall instead register pursuant to subdivision (a) with
the police of the city in which the campus is located or the sheriff
of the county in which the campus is located if the campus is located
in an unincorporated area or in a city that has no police
department, on a form as may be required by the Department of
Justice. The requirements of subdivisions (a) and (b) are in addition
to the requirements of the Sex Offender Registration Act.
(c) A first violation of this section is a misdemeanor punishable
by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000). A second
violation of this section is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment
in a county jail for not more than six months, by a fine not to
exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both that imprisonment
and fine. A third or subsequent violation of this section is a
misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for not more
than one year, by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000),
or by both that imprisonment and fine.
(d) (1) (A) The following information regarding a registered sex
offender on campus as to whom information shall not be made available
to the public via the Internet Web site as provided in Section
290.46 may be released to members of the campus community by any
campus police department or, if the university, college, community
college, or other institution of higher learning has no police
department, the police department or sheriff’s department with
jurisdiction over the campus, and any employees of those agencies, as
required by Section 1092(f)(1)(I) of Title 20 of the United States
Code:
(i) The offender’s full name.
(ii) The offender’s known aliases.
(iii) The offender’s gender.
(iv) The offender’s race.
(v) The offender’s physical description.
(vi) The offender’s photograph.
(vii) The offender’s date of birth.
(viii) Crimes resulting in registration under Section 290.
(ix) The date of last registration or reregistration.
(B) The authority provided in this subdivision is in addition to
the authority of a peace officer or law enforcement agency to provide
information about a registered sex offender pursuant to Section
290.45, and exists notwithstanding Section 290.021 or any other
provision of law.
(2) Any law enforcement entity and employees of any law
enforcement entity listed in paragraph (1) shall be immune from civil
or criminal liability for good faith conduct under this subdivision.
(3) Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to authorize
campus police departments or, if the university, college, community
college, or other institution has no police department, the police
department or sheriff’s department with jurisdiction over the campus,
to make disclosures about registrants intended to reach persons
beyond the campus community.
(4) (A) Before being provided any information by an agency
pursuant to this subdivision, a member of the campus community who
requests that information shall sign a statement, on a form provided
by the Department of Justice, stating that he or she is not a
registered sex offender, that he or she understands the purpose of
the release of information is to allow members of the campus
community to protect themselves and their children from sex
offenders, and that he or she understands it is unlawful to use
information obtained pursuant to this subdivision to commit a crime
against any registrant or to engage in illegal discrimination or
harassment of any registrant. The signed statement shall be
maintained in a file in the agency’s office for a minimum of five
years.
(B) An agency disseminating printed information pursuant to this
subdivision shall maintain records of the means and dates of
dissemination for a minimum of five years.
(5) For purposes of this subdivision, “campus community” means
those persons present at, and those persons regularly frequenting,
any place associated with an institution of higher education,
including campuses; administrative and educational offices;
laboratories; satellite facilities owned or utilized by the
institution for educational instruction, business, or institutional
events; and public areas contiguous to any campus or facility that
are regularly frequented by students, employees, or volunteers of the
campus.

 

290.02. (a) Notwithstanding any other law, the Department of
Justice shall identify the names of persons required to register
pursuant to Section 290 from a list of persons provided by the
requesting agency, and provide those names and other information
necessary to verify proper identification, to any state governmental
entity responsible for authorizing or providing publicly funded
prescription drugs or other therapies to treat erectile dysfunction
of those persons. State governmental entities shall use information
received pursuant to this section to protect public safety by
preventing the use of prescription drugs or other therapies to treat
erectile dysfunction by convicted sex offenders.
(b) Use or disclosure of the information disclosed pursuant to
this section is prohibited for any purpose other than that authorized
by this section or Section 14133.225 of the Welfare and Institutions
Code. The Department of Justice may establish a fee for requests,
including all actual and reasonable costs associated with the
service.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any state
governmental entity that is responsible for authorizing or providing
publicly funded prescription drugs or other therapies to treat
erectile dysfunction may use the sex offender database authorized by
Section 290.46 to protect public safety by preventing the use of
those drugs or therapies for convicted sex offenders.

 

290.03. (a) The Legislature finds and declares that a comprehensive
system of risk assessment, supervision, monitoring and containment
for registered sex offenders residing in California communities is
necessary to enhance public safety and reduce the risk of recidivism
posed by these offenders. The Legislature further affirms and
incorporates the following findings and declarations, previously
reflected in its enactment of “Megan’s Law”:
(1) Sex offenders pose a potentially high risk of committing
further sex offenses after release from incarceration or commitment,
and the protection of the public from reoffending by these offenders
is a paramount public interest.
(2) It is a compelling and necessary public interest that the
public have information concerning persons convicted of offenses
involving unlawful sexual behavior collected pursuant to Sections 290
and 290.4 to allow members of the public to adequately protect
themselves and their children from these persons.
(3) Persons convicted of these offenses involving unlawful sexual
behavior have a reduced expectation of privacy because of the public’
s interest in public safety.
(4) In balancing the offenders’ due process and other rights
against the interests of public security, the Legislature finds that
releasing information about sex offenders under the circumstances
specified in the Sex Offender Punishment, Control, and Containment
Act of 2006 will further the primary government interest of
protecting vulnerable populations from potential harm.
(5) The registration of sex offenders, the public release of
specified information about certain sex offenders pursuant to
Sections 290 and 290.4, and public notice of the presence of certain
high risk sex offenders in communities will further the governmental
interests of public safety and public scrutiny of the criminal and
mental health systems that deal with these offenders.
(6) To protect the safety and general welfare of the people of
this state, it is necessary to provide for continued registration of
sex offenders, for the public release of specified information
regarding certain more serious sex offenders, and for community
notification regarding high risk sex offenders who are about to be
released from custody or who already reside in communities in this
state. This policy of authorizing the release of necessary and
relevant information about serious and high risk sex offenders to
members of the general public is a means of assuring public
protection and shall not be construed as punitive.
(7) The Legislature also declares, however, that in making
information available about certain sex offenders to the public, it
does not intend that the information be used to inflict retribution
or additional punishment on any person convicted of a sex offense.
While the Legislature is aware of the possibility of misuse, it finds
that the dangers to the public of nondisclosure far outweigh the
risk of possible misuse of the information. The Legislature is
further aware of studies in Oregon and Washington indicating that
community notification laws and public release of similar information
in those states have resulted in little criminal misuse of the
information and that the enhancement to public safety has been
significant.
(b) In enacting the Sex Offender Punishment, Control, and
Containment Act of 2006, the Legislature hereby creates a
standardized, statewide system to identify, assess, monitor and
contain known sex offenders for the purpose of reducing the risk of
recidivism posed by these offenders, thereby protecting victims and
potential victims from future harm.

 

290.04. (a) (1) The sex offender risk assessment tools authorized
by this section for use with selected populations shall be known,
with respect to each population, as the State-Authorized Risk
Assessment Tool for Sex Offenders (SARATSO). If a SARATSO has not
been selected for a given population pursuant to this section, no
duty to administer the SARATSO elsewhere in this code shall apply
with respect to that population. Every person required to register as
a sex offender shall be subject to assessment with the SARATSO as
set forth in this section and elsewhere in this code.
(2) A representative of the Department of Corrections and
Rehabilitation, in consultation with a representative of the State
Department of State Hospitals and a representative of the Attorney
General’s office, shall comprise the SARATSO Review Committee. The
purpose of the committee, which shall be staffed by the Department of
Corrections and Rehabilitation, shall be to ensure that the SARATSO
reflects the most reliable, objective, and well-established protocols
for predicting sex offender risk of recidivism, has been
scientifically validated and cross validated, and is, or is
reasonably likely to be, widely accepted by the courts. The committee
shall consult with experts in the fields of risk assessment and the
use of actuarial instruments in predicting sex offender risk, sex
offending, sex offender treatment, mental health, and law, as it
deems appropriate.
(b) (1) Commencing January 1, 2007, the SARATSO for adult males
required to register as sex offenders shall be the STATIC-99 risk
assessment scale, which shall be the SARATSO static tool for adult
males.
(2) The SARATSO Review Committee shall determine whether the
STATIC-99 should be supplemented with an empirically derived
instrument that measures dynamic risk factors or whether the
STATIC-99 should be replaced as the SARATSO with a different risk
assessment tool. The SARATSO Review Committee shall select an
empirically derived instrument that measures dynamic risk factors and
an empirically derived instrument that measures risk of future
violence. The selected instruments shall be the SARATSO dynamic tool
for adult males and the SARATSO future violence tool for adult males.
If the committee unanimously agrees on changes to be made to a
designated SARATSO, it shall advise the Governor and the Legislature
of the changes, and the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
shall post the decision on its Internet Web site. Sixty days after
the decision is posted, the selected tool shall become the SARATSO
for adult males.
(c) On or before July 1, 2007, the SARATSO Review Committee shall
research risk assessment tools for adult females required to register
as sex offenders. If the committee unanimously agrees on an
appropriate risk assessment tool to be used to assess this
population, it shall advise the Governor and the Legislature of the
selected tool, and the State Department of Mental Health shall post
the decision on its Internet Web site. Sixty days after the decision
is posted, the selected tool shall become the SARATSO for adult
females.
(d) On or before July 1, 2007, the SARATSO Review Committee shall
research risk assessment tools for male juveniles required to
register as sex offenders. If the committee unanimously agrees on an
appropriate risk assessment tool to be used to assess this
population, it shall advise the Governor and the Legislature of the
selected tool, and the State Department of Mental Health shall post
the decision on its Internet Web site. Sixty days after the decision
is posted, the selected tool shall become the SARATSO for male
juveniles.
(e) On or before July 1, 2007, the SARATSO Review Committee shall
research risk assessment tools for female juveniles required to
register as sex offenders. If the committee unanimously agrees on an
appropriate risk assessment tool to be used to assess this
population, it shall advise the Governor and the Legislature of the
selected tool, and the State Department of Mental Health shall post
the decision on its Internet Web site. Sixty days after the decision
is posted, the selected tool shall become the SARATSO for female
juveniles.
(f) The committee shall periodically evaluate the SARATSO static,
dynamic, and risk of future violence tools for each specified
population. If the committee unanimously agrees on a change to the
SARATSO for any population, it shall advise the Governor and the
Legislature of the selected tool, and the Department of Corrections
and Rehabilitation shall post the decision on its Internet Web site.
Sixty days after the decision is posted, the selected tool shall
become the SARATSO for that population.
(g) The committee shall perform other functions consistent with
the provisions of this act or as may be otherwise required by law,
including, but not limited to, defining tiers of risk based on the
SARATSO. The committee shall be immune from liability for good faith
conduct under this act.
290.05. (a) The SARATSO Training Committee shall be comprised of a
representative of the State Department of State Hospitals, a
representative of the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, a
representative of the Attorney General’s Office, and a
representative of the Chief Probation Officers of California.
(b) On or before January 1, 2008, the SARATSO Training Committee,
in consultation with the Corrections Standards Authority and the
Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training, shall develop a
training program for persons authorized by this code to administer
the static SARATSO, as set forth in Section 290.04.
(c) (1) The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall be
responsible for overseeing the training of persons who will
administer the static SARATSO pursuant to paragraph (1) or (2) of
subdivision (a) of Section 290.06.
(2) The State Department of State Hospitals shall be responsible
for overseeing the training of persons who will administer the static
SARATSO pursuant to paragraph (3) of subdivision (a) of Section
290.06.
(3) The Correction Standards Authority shall be responsible for
developing standards for the training of persons who will administer
the static SARATSO pursuant to paragraph (5) or (6) of subdivision
(a) of Section 290.06.
(4) The Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training shall
be responsible for developing standards for the training of persons
who will administer the static SARATSO pursuant to subdivision (b) of
Section 290.06.
(d) The training shall be conducted by experts in the field of
risk assessment and the use of actuarial instruments in predicting
sex offender risk. Subject to requirements established by the
committee, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, the
State Department of State Hospitals, probation departments, and
authorized local law enforcement agencies shall designate key persons
within their organizations to attend training and, as authorized by
the department, to train others within their organizations designated
to perform risk assessments as required or authorized by law. Any
person who administers the static SARATSO shall receive training no
less frequently than every two years.
(e) If the agency responsible for scoring the static SARATSO
believes an individual score does not represent the person’s true
risk level, based on factors in the offender’s record, the agency may
submit the case to the experts retained by the SARATSO Review
Committee to monitor the scoring of the SARATSO. Those experts shall
be guided by empirical research in determining whether to raise or
lower the risk level. Agencies that score the static SARATSO shall
develop a protocol for submission of risk level override requests to
the experts retained in accordance with this subdivision.
(f) The static SARATSO may be performed for purposes authorized by
statute only by persons trained pursuant to this section. Persons
who administer the dynamic SARATSO and the future violence SARATSO
shall be trained to administer the dynamic and future violence
SARATSO tools as required in Section 290.09. Probation officers or
parole agents may be trained by SARATSO experts on the dynamic
SARATSO tool and perform assessments on that tool only if authorized
by the SARATSO Training Committee to do so after successful
completion of training.

 

290.06. The static SARATSO, as set forth in Section 290.04, shall
be administered as follows:
(a) (1) The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall
assess every eligible person who is incarcerated in state prison.
Whenever possible, the assessment shall take place at least four
months, but no sooner than 10 months, prior to release from
incarceration.
(2) The department shall assess every eligible person who is on
parole if the person was not assessed prior to release from state
prison. Whenever possible, the assessment shall take place at least
four months, but no sooner than 10 months, prior to termination of
parole. The department shall record in a database the risk assessment
scores of persons assessed pursuant to this paragraph and paragraph
(1), and any risk assessment score that was submitted to the
department by a probation officer pursuant to Section 1203.
(3) The department shall assess every person on parole transferred
from any other state or by the federal government to this state who
has been, or is hereafter convicted in any other court, including any
state, federal, or military court, of any offense that, if committed
or attempted in this state, would have been punishable as one or
more of the offenses described in subdivision (c) of Section 290. The
assessment required by this paragraph shall occur no later than 60
days after a determination by the Department of Justice that the
person is required to register as a sex offender in California
pursuant to Section 290.005.
(4) The State Department of State Hospitals shall assess every
eligible person who is committed to that department. Whenever
possible, the assessment shall take place at least four months, but
no sooner than 10 months, prior to release from commitment. The State
Department of State Hospitals shall record in a database the risk
assessment scores of persons assessed pursuant to this paragraph and
any risk assessment score that was submitted to the department by a
probation officer pursuant to Section 1203.
(5) Commencing January 1, 2010, the Department of Corrections and
Rehabilitation and the State Department of State Hospitals shall send
the scores obtained in accordance with paragraphs (2), (3), and (4)
to the Department of Justice Sex Offender Tracking Program not later
than 30 days after the date of the assessment. The risk assessment
score of an offender shall be made part of his or her file maintained
by the Department of Justice Sex Offender Tracking Program as soon
as possible without financial impact, but no later than January 1,
2012.
(6) Each probation department shall, prior to sentencing, assess
every eligible person as defined in subdivision (c), whether or not a
report is prepared pursuant to Section 1203.
(7) Each probation department shall assess every eligible person
under its supervision who was not assessed pursuant to paragraph (6).
The assessment shall take place prior to the termination of
probation, but no later than January 1, 2010.
(b) Eligible persons not assessed pursuant to subdivision (a) may
be assessed as follows:
(1) Upon request of the law enforcement agency in the jurisdiction
in which the person is registered pursuant to Sections 290 to
290.023, inclusive, the person shall be assessed. The law enforcement
agency may enter into a memorandum of understanding with a probation
department to perform the assessment. In the alternative, the law
enforcement agency may arrange to have personnel trained to perform
the risk assessment in accordance with subdivision (d) of Section
290.05.
(2) Eligible persons not assessed pursuant to subdivision (a) may
request that a risk assessment be performed. A request form shall be
available at registering law enforcement agencies. The person
requesting the assessment shall pay a fee for the assessment that
shall be sufficient to cover the cost of the assessment. The risk
assessment so requested shall be performed either by the probation
department, if a memorandum of understanding is established between
the law enforcement agency and the probation department, or by
personnel who have been trained to perform risk assessment in
accordance with subdivision (d) of Section 290.05.
(c) For purposes of this section,”eligible person” means a person
who was convicted of an offense that requires him or her to register
as a sex offender pursuant to the Sex Offender Registration Act and
who is eligible for assessment, pursuant to the official Coding Rules
designated for use with the risk assessment instrument by the author
of any risk assessment instrument (SARATSO) selected by the SARATSO
Review Committee.
(d) Persons authorized to perform risk assessments pursuant to
this section, Section 1203, and Section 706 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code shall be immune from liability for good faith
conduct under this act.

 

290.07. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a person
authorized by statute to administer the State Authorized Risk
Assessment Tool for Sex Offenders (SARATSO) and trained pursuant to
Section 290.06 or 290.09, and a person acting under authority from
the SARATSO Review Committee as an expert to train, monitor, or
review scoring by persons who administer the SARATSO pursuant to
Section 290.05 or 1203 of this code or Section 706 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code, shall be granted access to all relevant records
pertaining to a registered sex offender, including, but not limited
to, criminal histories, sex offender registration records, police
reports, probation and presentencing reports, judicial records and
case files, juvenile records, psychological evaluations and
psychiatric hospital reports, sexually violent predator treatment
program reports, and records that have been sealed by the courts or
the Department of Justice. Records and information obtained under
this section shall not be subject to the California Public Records
Act, Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Division 7 of
Title 1 of the Government Code.

 

290.08. Every district attorney’s office and the Department of
Justice shall retain records relating to a person convicted of an
offense for which registration is required pursuant to Section 290
for a period of 75 years after disposition of the case.
290.09. On or before July 2012, the SARATSO dynamic tool and the
SARATSO future violence tool, as set forth in Section 290.04, shall
be administered as follows:
(a) (1) Every sex offender required to register pursuant to
Sections 290 to 290.023, inclusive, shall, while on parole or formal
probation, participate in an approved sex offender management
program, pursuant to Sections 1203.067 and 3008.
(2) The sex offender management program shall meet the
certification requirements developed by the California Sex Offender
Management Board pursuant to Section 9003. Probation departments and
the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall not employ or
contract with, and shall not allow a sex offender to employ or
contract with, any individual or entity to provide sex offender
evaluation or treatment services pursuant to this section unless the
sex offender evaluation or treatment services to be provided by the
individual or entity conforms with the standards developed pursuant
to Section 9003.
(b) (1) The sex offender management professionals certified by the
California Sex Offender Management Board in accordance with Section
9003 who provide sex offender management programs for any probation
department or the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall
assess each registered sex offender on formal probation or parole
using the SARATSO dynamic tool, when a dynamic risk factor changes,
and shall do a final dynamic assessment within six months of the
offender’s release from supervision. The management professional
shall also assess the sex offenders in the program with the SARATSO
future violence tool.
(2) The certified sex offender management professional shall, as
soon as possible but not later than 30 days after the assessment,
provide the person’s score on the SARATSO dynamic tool and the future
violence tool to the person’s parole agent or probation officer.
Within five working days of receipt of the score, the parole or
probation officer shall send the score to the Department of Justice,
and the score shall be accessible to law enforcement through the
Department of Justice’s Internet Web site for the California Sex and
Arson Registry (CSAR).
(c) The certified sex offender management professional shall
communicate with the offender’s probation officer or parole agent on
a regular basis, but at least once a month, about the offender’s
progress in the program and dynamic risk assessment issues, and shall
share pertinent information with the certified polygraph examiner as
required.
(d) The SARATSO Training Committee shall provide annual training
on the SARATSO dynamic tool and the SARATSO future violence tool.
Certified sex offender management professionals shall attend this
training once to obtain authorization to perform the assessments, and
thereafter attend training updates as required by the SARATSO
Training Committee. If a sex offender management professional is
certified pursuant to Section 9003 to conduct an approved sex
offender management program prior to attending SARATSO training on
the dynamic and violent risk assessment tools, he or she shall
present to the SARATSO Training Committee proof of training on these
tools from a risk assessment expert approved by the SARATSO Training
Committee.

 

290.3. (a) Every person who is convicted of any offense specified
in subdivision (c) of Section 290 shall, in addition to any
imprisonment or fine, or both, imposed for commission of the
underlying offense, be punished by a fine of three hundred dollars
($300) upon the first conviction or a fine of five hundred dollars
($500) upon the second and each subsequent conviction, unless the
court determines that the defendant does not have the ability to pay
the fine.
An amount equal to all fines collected pursuant to this
subdivision during the preceding month upon conviction of, or upon
the forfeiture of bail by, any person arrested for, or convicted of,
committing an offense specified in subdivision (c) of Section 290,
shall be transferred once a month by the county treasurer to the
Controller for deposit in the General Fund. Moneys deposited in the
General Fund pursuant to this subdivision shall be transferred by the
Controller as provided in subdivision (b).
(b) Except as provided in subdivision (d), out of the moneys
deposited pursuant to subdivision (a) as a result of second and
subsequent convictions of Section 290, one-third shall first be
transferred to the Department of Justice Sexual Habitual Offender
Fund, as provided in paragraph (1) of this subdivision. Out of the
remainder of all moneys deposited pursuant to subdivision (a), 50
percent shall be transferred to the Department of Justice Sexual
Habitual Offender Fund, as provided in paragraph (1), 25 percent
shall be transferred to the DNA Identification Fund, as established
by Section 76104.6 of the Government Code, and 25 percent shall be
allocated equally to counties that maintain a local DNA testing
laboratory, as provided in paragraph (2).
(1) Those moneys so designated shall be transferred to the
Department of Justice Sexual Habitual Offender Fund created pursuant
to paragraph (5) of subdivision (b) of Section 11170 and, when
appropriated by the Legislature, shall be used for the purposes of
Chapter 9.5 (commencing with Section 13885) and Chapter 10
(commencing with Section 13890) of Title 6 of Part 4 for the purpose
of monitoring, apprehending, and prosecuting sexual habitual
offenders.
(2) Those moneys so designated shall be allocated equally and
distributed quarterly to counties that maintain a local DNA testing
laboratory. Before making any allocations under this paragraph, the
Controller shall deduct the estimated costs that will be incurred to
set up and administer the payment of these funds to the counties. Any
funds allocated to a county pursuant to this paragraph shall be used
by that county for the exclusive purpose of testing DNA samples for
law enforcement purposes.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the
Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation may collect a fine
imposed pursuant to this section from a person convicted of a
violation of any offense listed in subdivision (c) of Section 290,
that results in incarceration in a facility under the jurisdiction of
the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. All moneys
collected by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation under
this subdivision shall be transferred, once a month, to the
Controller for deposit in the General Fund, as provided in
subdivision (a), for transfer by the Controller, as provided in
subdivision (b).
(d) An amount equal to one-third of every first conviction fine
collected and one-fifth of every second conviction fine collected
pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be transferred to the Department of
Corrections and Rehabilitation to help defray the cost of the global
positioning system used to monitor sex offender parolees.
290.4. (a) The department shall operate a service through which
members of the public may provide a list of at least six persons on a
form approved by the Department of Justice and inquire whether any
of those persons is required to register as a sex offender and is
subject to public notification. The Department of Justice shall
respond with information on any person as to whom information may be
available to the public via the Internet Web site as provided in
Section 290.46, to the extent that information may be disclosed
pursuant to Section 290.46. The Department of Justice may establish a
fee for requests, including all actual and reasonable costs
associated with the service.
(b) The income from the operation of the service specified in
subdivision (a) shall be deposited in the Sexual Predator Public
Information Account within the Department of Justice for the purpose
of the implementation of this section by the Department of Justice.
The moneys in the account shall consist of income from the
operation of the service authorized by subdivision (a), and any other
funds made available to the account by the Legislature. Moneys in
the account shall be available to the Department of Justice upon
appropriation by the Legislature for the purpose specified in
subdivision (a).
(c) (1) Any person who uses information disclosed pursuant to this
section to commit a felony shall be punished, in addition and
consecutive to, any other punishment, by a five-year term of
imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.
(2) Any person who, without authorization, uses information
disclosed pursuant to this section to commit a misdemeanor shall be
subject to, in addition to any other penalty or fine imposed, a fine
of not less than five hundred dollars ($500) and not more than one
thousand dollars ($1,000).
(d) (1) A person is authorized to use information disclosed
pursuant to this section only to protect a person at risk.
(2) Except as authorized under paragraph (1) or any other
provision of law, use of any information that is disclosed pursuant
to this section for purposes relating to any of the following is
prohibited:
(A) Health insurance.
(B) Insurance.
(C) Loans.
(D) Credit.
(E) Employment.
(F) Education, scholarships, or fellowships.
(G) Housing or accommodations.
(H) Benefits, privileges, or services provided by any business
establishment.
(3) This section shall not affect authorized access to, or use of,
information pursuant to, among other provisions, Sections 11105 and
11105.3 of this code, Section 226.55 of the Civil Code, Sections
777.5 and 14409.2 of the Financial Code, Sections 1522.01 and
1596.871 of the Health and Safety Code, and Section 432.7 of the
Labor Code.
(4) (A) Any use of information disclosed pursuant to this section
for purposes other than those provided by paragraph (1) or in
violation of paragraph (2) shall make the user liable for the actual
damages, and any amount that may be determined by a jury or a court
sitting without a jury, not exceeding three times the amount of
actual damage, and not less than two hundred fifty dollars ($250),
and attorney’s fees, exemplary damages, or a civil penalty not
exceeding twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000).
(B) Whenever there is reasonable cause to believe that any person
or group of persons is engaged in a pattern or practice of misuse of
the service specified in subdivision (a), in violation of paragraph
(2), the Attorney General, any district attorney, or city attorney,
or any person aggrieved by the misuse of the service is authorized to
bring a civil action in the appropriate court requesting preventive
relief, including an application for a permanent or temporary
injunction, restraining order, or other order against the person or
group of persons responsible for the pattern or practice of misuse.
The foregoing remedies shall be independent of any other remedies or
procedures that may be available to an aggrieved party under other
provisions of law, including Part 2 (commencing with Section 43) of
Division 1 of the Civil Code.
(e) The Department of Justice and its employees shall be immune
from liability for good faith conduct under this section.
(f) The public notification provisions of this section are
applicable to every person described in subdivision (a), without
regard to when his or her crimes were committed or his or her duty to
register pursuant to Section 290 arose, and to every offense subject
to public notification pursuant to Section 290.46, regardless of
when it was committed.

 

290.45. (a) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and
except as provided in paragraph (2), any designated law enforcement
entity may provide information to the public about a person required
to register as a sex offender pursuant to Section 290, by whatever
means the entity deems appropriate, when necessary to ensure the
public safety based upon information available to the entity
concerning that specific person.
(2) The law enforcement entity shall include, with the disclosure,
a statement that the purpose of the release of information is to
allow members of the public to protect themselves and their children
from sex offenders.
(3) Community notification by way of an Internet Web site shall be
governed by Section 290.46, and a designated law enforcement entity
may not post on an Internet Web site any information identifying an
individual as a person required to register as a sex offender except
as provided in that section unless there is a warrant outstanding for
that person’s arrest.
(b) Information that may be provided pursuant to subdivision (a)
may include, but is not limited to, the offender’s name, known
aliases, gender, race, physical description, photograph, date of
birth, address, which shall be verified prior to publication,
description and license plate number of the offender’s vehicles or
vehicles the offender is known to drive, type of victim targeted by
the offender, relevant parole or probation conditions, crimes
resulting in classification under this section, and date of release
from confinement, but excluding information that would identify the
victim.
(c) (1) The designated law enforcement entity may authorize
persons and entities who receive the information pursuant to this
section to disclose information to additional persons only if the
entity determines that disclosure to the additional persons will
enhance the public safety and identifies the appropriate scope of
further disclosure. A law enforcement entity may not authorize any
disclosure of this information by its placement on an Internet Web
site.
(2) A person who receives information from a law enforcement
entity pursuant to paragraph (1) may disclose that information only
in the manner and to the extent authorized by the law enforcement
entity.
(d) (1) A designated law enforcement entity and its employees
shall be immune from liability for good faith conduct under this
section.
(2) Any public or private educational institution, day care
facility, or any child care custodian described in Section 11165.7,
or any employee of a public or private educational institution or day
care facility which in good faith disseminates information as
authorized pursuant to subdivision (c) shall be immune from civil
liability.
(e) (1) Any person who uses information disclosed pursuant to this
section to commit a felony shall be punished, in addition and
consecutive to any other punishment, by a five-year term of
imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.
(2) Any person who uses information disclosed pursuant to this
section to commit a misdemeanor shall be subject to, in addition to
any other penalty or fine imposed, a fine of not less than five
hundred dollars ($500) and not more than one thousand dollars
($1,000).
(f) For purposes of this section, “designated law enforcement
entity” means the Department of Justice, every district attorney, the
Department of Corrections, the Department of the Youth Authority,
and every state or local agency expressly authorized by statute to
investigate or prosecute law violators.
(g) The public notification provisions of this section are
applicable to every person required to register pursuant to Section
290, without regard to when his or her crimes were committed or his
or her duty to register pursuant to Section 290 arose, and to every
offense described in Section 290, regardless of when it was
committed.

 

290.46. (a) (1) On or before the dates specified in this section,
the Department of Justice shall make available information concerning
persons who are required to register pursuant to Section 290 to the
public via an Internet Web site as specified in this section. The
department shall update the Internet Web site on an ongoing basis.
All information identifying the victim by name, birth date, address,
or relationship to the registrant shall be excluded from the Internet
Web site. The name or address of the person’s employer and the
listed person’s criminal history other than the specific crimes for
which the person is required to register shall not be included on the
Internet Web site. The Internet Web site shall be translated into
languages other than English as determined by the department.
(2) (A) On or before July 1, 2010, the Department of Justice shall
make available to the public, via an Internet Web site as specified
in this section, as to any person described in subdivision (b), (c),
or (d), the following information:
(i) The year of conviction of his or her most recent offense
requiring registration pursuant to Section 290.
(ii) The year he or she was released from incarceration for that
offense.
(iii) Whether he or she was subsequently incarcerated for any
other felony, if that fact is reported to the department. If the
department has no information about a subsequent incarceration for
any felony, that fact shall be noted on the Internet Web site.
However, no year of conviction shall be made available to the
public unless the department also is able to make available the
corresponding year of release of incarceration for that offense, and
the required notation regarding any subsequent felony.
(B) (i) Any state facility that releases from incarceration a
person who was incarcerated because of a crime for which he or she is
required to register as a sex offender pursuant to Section 290
shall, within 30 days of release, provide the year of release for his
or her most recent offense requiring registration to the Department
of Justice in a manner and format approved by the department.
(ii) Any state facility that releases a person who is required to
register pursuant to Section 290 from incarceration whose
incarceration was for a felony committed subsequently to the offense
for which he or she is required to register shall, within 30 days of
release, advise the Department of Justice of that fact.
(iii) Any state facility that, prior to January 1, 2007, released
from incarceration a person who was incarcerated because of a crime
for which he or she is required to register as a sex offender
pursuant to Section 290 shall provide the year of release for his or
her most recent offense requiring registration to the Department of
Justice in a manner and format approved by the department. The
information provided by the Department of Corrections and
Rehabilitation shall be limited to information that is currently
maintained in an electronic format.
(iv) Any state facility that, prior to January 1, 2007, released a
person who is required to register pursuant to Section 290 from
incarceration whose incarceration was for a felony committed
subsequently to the offense for which he or she is required to
register shall advise the Department of Justice of that fact in a
manner and format approved by the department. The information
provided by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall be
limited to information that is currently maintained in an electronic
format.
(3) The State Department of State Hospitals shall provide to the
Department of Justice Sex Offender Tracking Program the names of all
persons committed to its custody pursuant to Article 4 (commencing
with Section 6600) of Chapter 2 of Part 2 of Division 6 of the
Welfare and Institutions Code, within 30 days of commitment, and
shall provide the names of all of those persons released from its
custody within five working days of release.
(b) (1) On or before July 1, 2005, with respect to a person who
has been convicted of the commission or the attempted commission of
any of the offenses listed in, or who is described in, paragraph (2),
the Department of Justice shall make available to the public via the
Internet Web site his or her name and known aliases, a photograph, a
physical description, including gender and race, date of birth,
criminal history, prior adjudication as a sexually violent predator,
the address at which the person resides, and any other information
that the Department of Justice deems relevant, but not the
information excluded pursuant to subdivision (a). On or before
January 1, 2013, the department shall make available to the public
via the Internet Web site his or her static SARATSO score and
information on an elevated risk level based on the SARATSO future
violence tool.
(2) This subdivision shall apply to the following offenses and
offenders:
(A) Section 187 committed in the perpetration, or an attempt to
perpetrate, rape or any act punishable under Section 286, 288, 288a,
or 289.
(B) Section 207 committed with intent to violate Section 261, 286,
288, 288a, or 289.
(C) Section 209 committed with intent to violate Section 261, 286,
288, 288a, or 289.
(D) Paragraph (2) or (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 261.
(E) Section 264.1.
(F) Section 269.
(G) Subdivision (c) or (d) of Section 286.
(H) Subdivision (a), (b), or (c) of Section 288, provided that the
offense is a felony.
(I) Subdivision (c) or (d) of Section 288a.
(J) Section 288.3, provided that the offense is a felony.
(K) Section 288.4, provided that the offense is a felony.
(L) Section 288.5.
(M) Subdivision (a) or (j) of Section 289.
(N) Section 288.7.
(O) Any person who has ever been adjudicated a sexually violent
predator, as defined in Section 6600 of the Welfare and Institutions
Code.
(P) A felony violation of Section 311.1.
(Q) A felony violation of subdivision (b), (c), or (d) of Section
311.2.
(R) A felony violation of Section 311.3.
(S) A felony violation of subdivision (a), (b), or (c) of Section
311.4.
(T) Section 311.10.
(U) A felony violation of Section 311.11.
(c) (1) On or before July 1, 2005, with respect to a person who
has been convicted of the commission or the attempted commission of
any of the offenses listed in paragraph (2), the Department of
Justice shall make available to the public via the Internet Web site
his or her name and known aliases, a photograph, a physical
description, including gender and race, date of birth, criminal
history, the community of residence and ZIP Code in which the person
resides or the county in which the person is registered as a
transient, and any other information that the Department of Justice
deems relevant, but not the information excluded pursuant to
subdivision (a). On or before July 1, 2006, the Department of Justice
shall determine whether any person convicted of an offense listed in
paragraph (2) also has one or more prior or subsequent convictions
of an offense listed in subdivision (c) of Section 290, and, for
those persons, the Department of Justice shall make available to the
public via the Internet Web site the address at which the person
resides. However, the address at which the person resides shall not
be disclosed until a determination is made that the person is, by
virtue of his or her additional prior or subsequent conviction of an
offense listed in subdivision (c) of Section 290, subject to this
subdivision.
(2) This subdivision shall apply to the following offenses:
(A) Section 220, except assault to commit mayhem.
(B) Paragraph (1), (3), or (4) of subdivision (a) of Section 261.
(C) Paragraph (2) of subdivision (b), or subdivision (f), (g), or
(i), of Section 286.
(D) Paragraph (2) of subdivision (b), or subdivision (f), (g), or
(i), of Section 288a.
(E) Subdivision (b), (d), (e), or (i) of Section 289.
(d) (1) On or before July 1, 2005, with respect to a person who
has been convicted of the commission or the attempted commission of
any of the offenses listed in, or who is described in, this
subdivision, the Department of Justice shall make available to the
public via the Internet Web site his or her name and known aliases, a
photograph, a physical description, including gender and race, date
of birth, criminal history, the community of residence and ZIP Code
in which the person resides or the county in which the person is
registered as a transient, and any other information that the
Department of Justice deems relevant, but not the information
excluded pursuant to subdivision (a) or the address at which the
person resides.
(2) This subdivision shall apply to the following offenses and
offenders:
(A) Subdivision (a) of Section 243.4, provided that the offense is
a felony.
(B) Section 266, provided that the offense is a felony.
(C) Section 266c, provided that the offense is a felony.
(D) Section 266j.
(E) Section 267.
(F) Subdivision (c) of Section 288, provided that the offense is a
misdemeanor.
(G) Section 288.3, provided that the offense is a misdemeanor.
(H) Section 288.4, provided that the offense is a misdemeanor.
(I) Section 626.81.
(J) Section 647.6.
(K) Section 653c.
(L) Any person required to register pursuant to Section 290 based
upon an out-of-state conviction, unless that person is excluded from
the Internet Web site pursuant to subdivision (e). However, if the
Department of Justice has determined that the out-of-state crime, if
committed or attempted in this state, would have been punishable in
this state as a crime described in subdivision (c) of Section 290,
the person shall be placed on the Internet Web site as provided in
subdivision (b) or (c), as applicable to the crime.
(e) (1) If a person has been convicted of the commission or the
attempted commission of any of the offenses listed in this
subdivision, and he or she has been convicted of no other offense
listed in subdivision (b), (c), or (d) other than those listed in
this subdivision, that person may file an application with the
Department of Justice, on a form approved by the department, for
exclusion from the Internet Web site. If the department determines
that the person meets the requirements of this subdivision, the
department shall grant the exclusion and no information concerning
the person shall be made available via the Internet Web site
described in this section. He or she bears the burden of proving the
facts that make him or her eligible for exclusion from the Internet
Web site. However, a person who has filed for or been granted an
exclusion from the Internet Web site is not relieved of his or her
duty to register as a sex offender pursuant to Section 290 nor from
any otherwise applicable provision of law.
(2) This subdivision shall apply to the following offenses:
(A) A felony violation of subdivision (a) of Section 243.4.
(B) Section 647.6, if the offense is a misdemeanor.
(C) A felony violation of Section 311.1, subdivision (b), (c), or
(d) of Section 311.2, or Section 311.3, 311.4, 311.10, or 311.11 if
the person submits to the department a certified copy of a probation
report filed in court that clearly states that all victims involved
in the commission of the offense were at least 16 years of age or
older at the time of the commission of the offense.
(D) (i) An offense for which the offender successfully completed
probation, provided that the offender submits to the department a
certified copy of a probation report, presentencing report, report
prepared pursuant to Section 288.1, or other official court document
that clearly demonstrates that the offender was the victim’s parent,
stepparent, sibling, or grandparent and that the crime did not
involve either oral copulation or penetration of the vagina or rectum
of either the victim or the offender by the penis of the other or by
any foreign object.
(ii) An offense for which the offender is on probation at the time
of his or her application, provided that the offender submits to the
department a certified copy of a probation report, presentencing
report, report prepared pursuant to Section 288.1, or other official
court document that clearly demonstrates that the offender was the
victim’s parent, stepparent, sibling, or grandparent and that the
crime did not involve either oral copulation or penetration of the
vagina or rectum of either the victim or the offender by the penis of
the other or by any foreign object.
(iii) If, subsequent to his or her application, the offender
commits a violation of probation resulting in his or her
incarceration in county jail or state prison, his or her exclusion,
or application for exclusion, from the Internet Web site shall be
terminated.
(iv) For the purposes of this subparagraph, “successfully
completed probation” means that during the period of probation the
offender neither received additional county jail or state prison time
for a violation of probation nor was convicted of another offense
resulting in a sentence to county jail or state prison.
(3) If the department determines that a person who was granted an
exclusion under a former version of this subdivision would not
qualify for an exclusion under the current version of this
subdivision, the department shall rescind the exclusion, make a
reasonable effort to provide notification to the person that the
exclusion has been rescinded, and, no sooner than 30 days after
notification is attempted, make information about the offender
available to the public on the Internet Web site as provided in this
section.
(4) Effective January 1, 2012, no person shall be excluded
pursuant to this subdivision unless the offender has submitted to the
department documentation sufficient for the department to determine
that he or she has a SARATSO risk level of low or moderate-low.
(f) The Department of Justice shall make a reasonable effort to
provide notification to persons who have been convicted of the
commission or attempted commission of an offense specified in
subdivision (b), (c), or (d), that on or before July 1, 2005, the
department is required to make information about specified sex
offenders available to the public via an Internet Web site as
specified in this section. The Department of Justice shall also make
a reasonable effort to provide notice that some offenders are
eligible to apply for exclusion from the Internet Web site.
(g) (1) A designated law enforcement entity, as defined in
subdivision (f) of Section 290.45, may make available information
concerning persons who are required to register pursuant to Section
290 to the public via an Internet Web site as specified in paragraph
(2).
(2) The law enforcement entity may make available by way of an
Internet Web site the information described in subdivision (c) if it
determines that the public disclosure of the information about a
specific offender by way of the entity’s Internet Web site is
necessary to ensure the public safety based upon information
available to the entity concerning that specific offender.
(3) The information that may be provided pursuant to this
subdivision may include the information specified in subdivision (b)
of Section 290.45. However, that offender’s address may not be
disclosed unless he or she is a person whose address is on the
Department of Justice’s Internet Web site pursuant to subdivision (b)
or (c).
(h) For purposes of this section, “offense” includes the statutory
predecessors of that offense, or any offense committed in another
jurisdiction that, if committed or attempted to be committed in this
state, would have been punishable in this state as an offense listed
in subdivision (c) of Section 290.
(i) Notwithstanding Section 6254.5 of the Government Code,
disclosure of information pursuant to this section is not a waiver of
exemptions under Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Title
1 of Division 7 of the Government Code and does not affect other
statutory restrictions on disclosure in other situations.
(j) (1) Any person who uses information disclosed pursuant to this
section to commit a misdemeanor shall be subject to, in addition to
any other penalty or fine imposed, a fine of not less than ten
thousand dollars ($10,000) and not more than fifty thousand dollars
($50,000).
(2) Any person who uses information disclosed pursuant to this
section to commit a felony shall be punished, in addition and
consecutive to any other punishment, by a five-year term of
imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.
(k) Any person who is required to register pursuant to Section 290
who enters an Internet Web site established pursuant to this section
shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars
($1,000), imprisonment in a county jail for a period not to exceed
six months, or by both that fine and imprisonment.
(l) (1) A person is authorized to use information disclosed
pursuant to this section only to protect a person at risk.
(2) Except as authorized under paragraph (1) or any other
provision of law, use of any information that is disclosed pursuant
to this section for purposes relating to any of the following is
prohibited:
(A) Health insurance.
(B) Insurance.
(C) Loans.
(D) Credit.
(E) Employment.
(F) Education, scholarships, or fellowships.
(G) Housing or accommodations.
(H) Benefits, privileges, or services provided by any business
establishment.
(3) This section shall not affect authorized access to, or use of,
information pursuant to, among other provisions, Sections 11105 and
11105.3, Section 8808 of the Family Code, Sections 777.5 and 14409.2
of the Financial Code, Sections 1522.01 and 1596.871 of the Health
and Safety Code, and Section 432.7 of the Labor Code.
(4) (A) Any use of information disclosed pursuant to this section
for purposes other than those provided by paragraph (1) or in
violation of paragraph (2) shall make the user liable for the actual
damages, and any amount that may be determined by a jury or a court
sitting without a jury, not exceeding three times the amount of
actual damage, and not less than two hundred fifty dollars ($250),
and attorney’s fees, exemplary damages, or a civil penalty not
exceeding twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000).
(B) Whenever there is reasonable cause to believe that any person
or group of persons is engaged in a pattern or practice of misuse of
the information available via an Internet Web site established
pursuant to this section in violation of paragraph (2), the Attorney
General, any district attorney, or city attorney, or any person
aggrieved by the misuse is authorized to bring a civil action in the
appropriate court requesting preventive relief, including an
application for a permanent or temporary injunction, restraining
order, or other order against the person or group of persons
responsible for the pattern or practice of misuse. The foregoing
remedies shall be independent of any other remedies or procedures
that may be available to an aggrieved party under other provisions of
law, including Part 2 (commencing with Section 43) of Division 1 of
the Civil Code.
(m) The public notification provisions of this section are
applicable to every person described in this section, without regard
to when his or her crimes were committed or his or her duty to
register pursuant to Section 290 arose, and to every offense
described in this section, regardless of when it was committed.
(n) A designated law enforcement entity and its employees shall be
immune from liability for good faith conduct under this section.
(o) The Attorney General, in collaboration with local law
enforcement and others knowledgeable about sex offenders, shall
develop strategies to assist members of the public in understanding
and using publicly available information about registered sex
offenders to further public safety. These strategies may include, but
are not limited to, a hotline for community inquiries, neighborhood
and business guidelines for how to respond to information posted on
this Internet Web site, and any other resource that promotes public
education about these offenders.
290.47. The Department of Justice shall record the address at which
a registered sex offender resides with a unique identifier for the
address. The information for this identifier shall be captured
pursuant to Section 290.015 and the identifier shall consist of a
description of the nature of the dwelling, with the choices of a
single family residence, an apartment/condominium, a motel/hotel, or
a licensed facility. Each address and its association with any
specific registered sex offender shall be stored by the department in
the same database as the registration data recorded pursuant to
Section 290.015. The department shall make that information available
to the State Department of Social Services or any other state agency
when the agency needs the information for law enforcement purposes
relating to investigative responsibilities relative to sex offenders.
This section shall become operative on January 1, 2012.

 

290.5. (a) (1) A person required to register under Section 290 for
an offense not listed in paragraph (2), upon obtaining a certificate
of rehabilitation under Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 4852.01)
of Title 6 of Part 3, shall be relieved of any further duty to
register under Section 290 if he or she is not in custody, on parole,
or on probation.
(2) A person required to register under Section 290, upon
obtaining a certificate of rehabilitation under Chapter 3.5
(commencing with Section 4852.01) of Title 6 of Part 3, shall not be
relieved of the duty to register under Section 290, or of the duty to
register under Section 290 for any offense subject to that section
of which he or she is convicted in the future, if his or her
conviction is for one of the following offenses:
(A) Section 207 or 209 committed with the intent to violate
Section 261, 286, 288, 288a, or 289.
(B) Section 220, except assault to commit mayhem.
(C) Section 243.4, provided that the offense is a felony.
(D) Paragraph (1), (2), (3), (4), or (6) of subdivision (a) of
Section 261.
(E) Section 264.1.
(F) Section 266, provided that the offense is a felony.
(G) Section 266c, provided that the offense is a felony.
(H) Section 266j.
(I) Section 267.
(J) Section 269.
(K) Paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 286, provided that
the offense is a felony.
(L) Paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of, or subdivision (c), (d),
(f), (g), (i), (j), or (k) of, Section 286.
(M) Section 288.
(N) Paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 288a, provided
that the offense is a felony.
(O) Paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of, or subdivision (c), (d),
(f), (g), (i), (j), or (k) of, Section 288a.
(P) Section 288.5.
(Q) Subdivision (a), (b), (d), (e), (f), (g), or (h) of Section
289, provided that the offense is a felony.
(R) Subdivision (i) or (j) of Section 289.
(S) Section 647.6.
(T) The attempted commission of any of the offenses specified in
this paragraph.
(U) The statutory predecessor of any of the offenses specified in
this paragraph.
(V) Any offense which, if committed or attempted in this state,
would have been punishable as one or more of the offenses specified
in this paragraph.
(b) (1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), a person
described in paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) shall not be relieved
of the duty to register until that person has obtained a full pardon
as provided in Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 4800) or Chapter 3
(commencing with Section 4850) of Title 6 of Part 3.
(2) This subdivision does not apply to misdemeanor violations of
Section 647.6.
(3) The court, upon granting a petition for a certificate of
rehabilitation pursuant to Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section
4852.01) of Title 6 of Part 3, if the petition was granted prior to
Januar